minimum salary in italy

Salary estimates are based on 2 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by … Business And Companies' Establishment Vat covered by these agreements is around 7 euros an hour although it varies slightly across the different sectors. Monthly report on Italian economy no. Living Wage Series - Italy - September 2019- In Euro, per Month The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. Its mission is very simple, yet utopian: to make Italian taxes easy and manageable. Living Wage Individual in Italy decreased to 935 EUR/Month in 2018 from 950 EUR/Month in 2017. The Italian Constitution was approved by the Parliament in December 1947 and came into effect on 1stJanuary, 1948. May 2020 Because Italy does not have a minimum wage, there is no mandatory minimum rate of pay for workers in Italy. Average Salary in Italy - Job and Sector Comparison. Salary levels vary both across and within countries. Visit PayScale to research software engineer salaries by city, experience, skill, employer and more. REGISTRATION In Milan, Italy economy, General Manager is on the top list of highest earners, earning an average gross salary of EUR 125,333. Among all sectors in Italy that have a minimum salary, this is the lowest. 2 Minimum wages in 2019: Annual review Minimum wages in the EU, what has changed? Fiscal Calendar Pay rates are rather set by collective bargaining agreements between unions and employers on a sector-by-sector basis. £ Minimum wage workers in almost all EU countries saw an increase in their pay in 2019. With this move, they would be joining 22 other EU Member States that already have one in place. Well, compared to other EU countries Italy generally falls short. Financial Supports That is slightly less than some of the minimum salaries stipulated by unions in Germany for example. 29 June 2020 Just under two million jobs benefit from minimum wage increase in 2019. The Minimum Wage in Italy: A complete guide. Who says that in Italy doesn’t exist the minimum wage is wrong. 11 December 2018 Minimum wage 2018: Germany among top-ranking EU-countries. June 2020 No. According to Article 36 of the Constitution the wages must be proportionate to the quality and quantity of work done and also high enough to provide a minimum subsistence for the worker and his family. labour and wages. Well, compared to other EU countries Italy generally falls short. Variations in national minimum wages. Compare your salary against accurate statistics based on 2943 salaries crowdsourced from professionals based in Italy Its important to know that salaries in Rome are above the average for Italy. View table . Contact. Visit PayScale to research mechanical engineer salaries by city, experience, skill, employer and more. One year I lived on about 600/month, but with free housing for nine months. Director and Manager follow, earning EUR 121,571 and EUR 97,272, respectively. Italy, however, is one of the few EU countries with no government-regulated minimum wage. There is no minimum wage, and a lot of employment is technically illegal or quasi-legal to keep wages low. Italy Salaries in Milano range from 1,070 EUR per month (minimum salary) to 18,900 EUR per month (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher). In the season 2019/2020, the net minimum wage of Serie A football players in Italy aged 24 and older was roughly twice the salary of players aged between 16 and 19. My idea seeded when I had to go through the complicated Italian tax system myself, and that’s when I started Accounting Bolla. Salary Visit PayScale to research software engineer salaries by city, experience, skill, employer and more. December 2019 The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.. Germany’s first ever minimum wage, set at €8.50 per hour, was introduced on January 1st. $1,161,755.00 USD. Well, compared to other EU countries Italy generally falls short. ​After moving back to Italy from the United States in 2013, I realized how much an accounting and tax firm was needed to help expats living in Italy to comply with the local tax regulations.My idea seeded when I had to go through the complicated Italian tax system myself, and that’s when I started Accounting Bolla. October 2020 88 salaries for 52 jobs at McDonald's in Italy. It doesn’t exist a general minimum wage, but wages are set on industry sector basis using collective bargaining. As of 2019, the minimum salary for agriculture workers in Italy is of 874,65€ per month. This basic wage may, however, be adjusted downwards for apprentices. Economy In Italy There is no minimum wage, and a lot of employment is technically illegal or quasi-legal to keep wages low. March 2017 All The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours), Belgium (38 hours), Ireland (39 hours), and Germany (39.1 hours).. As of 2019, the minimum salary for agriculture workers in Italy is of 874,65€ per month. Based on a 22-day month made up of 8-hour workdays, that wage translates into the equivalent of around 1.3 Swiss francs per hour – similar to the legal minimum wage in Bulgaria. The only law which regulates the remuneration of employees is included in the in Italian Civil Code, Art. April 2020 The current Italian government is committed to changing this however, and you can read more about that below. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in … Italy's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. Even legal employment is often a low salary or a bad contract. ← Back to International Minimum Wages Home. In the long-term, the Italy Average Nominal Monthly Wages is projected to trend around 2476.00 EUR/Month in 2021 and 2514.00 EUR/Month in … This places Italy on the 18th place in the International Labour Organisation statistics for 2012, after United Kingdom, but before Spain.. Pay rates must be agreed upon directly with the employer through collective bargaining or other means of negotiating a fair living wage. March 2020 The collective work contracts are signed by the unions. It doesn’t exist a general minimum wage, but wages are set on industry sector basis using collective bargaining. Italy has ratified the ILO Holidays with Pay Convention (Revised), 1970 (no. Help us keep Minimum-Wage.org up-to-date! 2019 minimum wage (14 payments): €900.00 per month; 2018 minimum wage (14 payments): €736.00 per month; 2017 minimum wage (14 payments): €707.60 per month; More than 5.5 million people in Spain earn the Spanish minimum wage. Tasse Architect earn a gross annual average of EUR 17,610, while Human Resource earn EUR 30,000. Factory and Manufacturing salaries in Italy range from 920 EUR per month (minimum average salary) to 6,240 EUR per month (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher). Financial Facts about Italy The average monthly net salary in Italy (IT) is around 1 560 EUR, with a minimum income of 830 EUR per month. October 2017 Minimum salaries (paga base) are fixed under collective agreements between unions and employers for each category of worker. Job: Net Monthly Income constant 2005 US$ (1) Notes : Gross Monthly Average Income (2) Compulsory Deductions (3) Weekly Hours (4) Airline Pilot average salary: PPP $ 3,997: $ 4,316: Normal hours of work, 2005. Content © 2020 Minimum-Wage.org, all rights reserved. The average salary for a Mechanical Engineer in Italy is €31,965. 25 and over 21 to 24 18 to 20 Under 18 Apprentice; April 2020 (current rate) £8.72: In 2019, the share of non-wage costs in total labour costs, for the whole economy, was 25.1 % in the EU-27, while it was 25.6 % in the euro area. Themes: Population and social conditions . February 2018 Average Salary in Italy - Job and Sector Comparison. January 2018 Most jobs, even the lowest paid positions tend to have higher salaries in the capital. Most countries have a universal national minimum wage that all workers must receive. Download table . If you are confused about Italian VAT we'll handle that. Italy does not provide for a generally binding statutory minimum wage. Furthermore, Italy has never had legislation setting up a national minimum wage. Some of the economic sectors that are covered by these agreements include metal work, hospitality, food, and insurance. Wages in Manufacturing in Italy averaged 57.17 points from 1967 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 113.70 points in October of 2018 and a record low of 2.20 points in February of 1967. Registered Business and Corporate Secretarial, Derivatives and Complex Financial Calculations. View Sitemap. Living Wage Individual in Italy averaged 893.75 EUR/Month from 2015 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 950 EUR/Month in 2017 and a record low of 825 EUR/Month in 2015. The national average salary for a Waiter is €9,514 in Italy. Real Estate Taxes Iva in Italy are covered by an NBCA. Most of the unions have set the minimum wage at around €7 per hour. Filter by location to see Waiter salaries in your area. Banca Wages in Italy increased to 2502 EUR/Month in 2019 from 2470 EUR/Month in 2018. April 2018 A “good” wage in Italy is 1300–1400 a month. September 2017 A “good” wage in Italy is 1300–1400 a month. Italy minimum wage Minimum Wage in Italy? Italy is a country located in the Southern Europe region with a population of 57,680,000 and an average life span of 79.0 years. The salary range for people working in Italy is typically from 1,310.00 EUR (minimum salary) to 4,564.00 EUR (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).. Inexperienced employees may earn the minimum basic wage, although most employees are paid much more, particularly in the north of the country (wages are lower in the south, which has high … The difference between workers with 20+ Years of experience and 0-1 Year is 200.89%. Wages of mine and quarry workers, 1905. OECD says minimum wage in Italy not solution Has potential but also limitations. Valori correnti, dati storici, previsioni, statistiche, grafici e calendario economico - Italia - Living Wage Famiglia. Who says that in Italy doesn’t exist the minimum wage is wrong. 10/2020 The monthly report on Italian economy for the month of October 2020 now online. NCBAs provide for a minimum wage … The annual average in Lombardy amounted to 31.4 … Lebanon's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. Show table location in data tree Metadata . 27 February 2020 Number of minimum wage jobs continuously down between 2015 and 2018. Contracts are defined nationally, a Class 4 employee - such as a secretary has a minimum contractual wage of about 1300 euors per month for a 40 hour week. The following list provides information relating to the (gross) minimum wages (before tax & social charges) of in the European Union member states. Most countries have a nation-wide minimum wage that all workers must be paid. More. As of 1 January 2020 the minimum wage is €9.35 in Germany (30 cents higher than the previous year), while in France the hourly rate is €10.03 and both countries have laws that establish a minimum wage for workers. Monthly minimum wages - bi-annual data. The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours), San Marino (37.5 hours), Belgium (38 hours), United Kingdom (38.1 hours), Ireland (39 hours), Monaco (39 hours), and Germany (39.1 hours). The average monthly net salary in Italy (IT) is around 1 560 EUR, with a minimum income of 830 EUR per month. October 2018 Check also our video about Italian salaries and how to calculate your net part. with sectoral minimum wages in Italy between 2008 and 2015. How do Italian wage rates compare to other countries? Italy has no Statutory Minimum Wage Minimum wages in Italy are set through collective bargaining agreements at the sectoral level. 132) which provides for a minimum leave of not less than three working weeks for one year of service. This is a welcome development, we do hope this bill is finally pass into law because as for the agricultural workers their salaries are very low despite the difficulty in their job across all seasons. Minimum Salary in Rome, Italy. The monthly salary of agricultural workers has been found to be one of the lowest across the sectors, at €874.65 per month. Invoices Reference period: October 2020 | Date of Issue: 06 November 2020. ... National collective bargaining agreements provide for a minimum wage for each business sector depending on the employee’s grade and length of service. The basic salary may be supplemented by an \"above base payment\" (superminimo), … FORFETARIO Since 2017 we can proudly claim to have helped thousands of clients in optimizing their taxes and in safely investing in Italy. Property Tax 17 Giugno 2019. Living Wage Series - Italy - September 2019- In Euro, per Month The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. , sometimes as low as €200-300 a month, especially for younger, more inexperienced workers. This places Italy on the 18th place in the International Labour Organisation statistics for 2012, after United Kingdom, but before Spain. This site is a free public service not affiliated with the Department of Labor or any governmental organization. Pensions Usage is subject to our Terms and Privacy Policy. DISCLOSURE Wages in Italy is expected to reach 2452.00 EUR/Month by the end of 2020, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. The Italian government is in favour of implementing a, ​In the end we’re hopeful that a minimum wage law will be implemented at some level. Labour costs consist of costs for wages and salaries plus non-wage costs such as employers’ social contributions. July 2020 Europe Find out all the detail . If you are confused about Italian VAT we'll handle that. The collective work contracts are signed by the unions. Cyprus and Italy are currently considering the introduction of a universal minimum wage floor by law. Because Italy does not have a minimum wage, there is no mandatory minimum rate of pay for workers in Italy. Code: earn_mw_cur Last update: 17/08/20 Oldest data: 1999S1 Most recent data: 2020S2 Number of values: 4769 . Even Belgium, while ranked 8th place by GDP (Italy is ranked 3rd behind Germany and France respectively), has an … The minimum wage in this Spanish-speaking African country is 129,035 central francs (roughly 220 Swiss francs). Wages in Italy averaged 1965.67 EUR/Month from 1990 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 2502 EUR/Month in 2019 and a record low of 1176 EUR/Month in 1990. outlook is expecting a continual increase. Italy Average Nominal Monthly Wages - values, historical data and charts - was last updated on November of 2020. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in … Donazione Inexperienced employees may earn the minimum basic wage, although most employees are paid much more, particularly in the north of the country (wages are lower in the south, which has high unemployment). NCBAs only apply to employers and employees in organisations that have actually signed them or have chosen to adhere to them. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in Italy. Visit PayScale to research cook, restaurant hourly pay by city, experience, skill, employer and more. This is the total monthly salary including bonuses. Lebanon's minimum wage was last changed in … IRPEF Minimum wages in the EU Member States ranged from EUR 312 to EUR 2 142 per month in July 2020. The national average salary for a IT is €42,728 in Italy. The North Italian region of Lombardy had the highest gross salary in the country, while it was lowest in Sardinia. Salary Range. As of 1 January 2020 the minimum wage is €9.35 in Germany (30 cents higher than the previous year), while in France the hourly rate is €10.03 and both countries have laws that establish a minimum wage for workers. The rates change every April. McDonald's Salaries trends. Is any of our data outdated or broken? An entry level waiter (1-3 years of experience) earns an average salary of 15.773 €. Even legal employment is often a low salary or a bad contract. News. The average hourly pay for a Cook, Restaurant in Italy is €6.66. While there are no official minimum salaries in Italy, some sectors of the economy have minimum wages determined by unions. Wages in Manufacturing in Italy increased to 103.60 points in October from 103.50 points in September of 2020. The average salary for a Software Engineer in Italy is €30,666. December 2017 2099 and in the Italian Constitution (Art.36). Let us know in a single click, and we'll fix it as soon as possible. Median Salary. Import Export Visa April 2019 This results in a minimum salary of €12,600 a year in 2019. Most of these unions have a minimum salary of around 7 euros per hour, in each of their economic sectors. [quote=ram;107925]There are minimum wages in Italy. How do Italian wage rates compare to other countries? State Minimum Wages | 26 June 2018 1.4 million minimum wage jobs in April 2017. This basic wage may, however, be adjusted downwards for apprentices. In the season 2019/2020, the net minimum wage of Serie A football players in Italy aged 24 and older was roughly twice the salary of players aged between 16 and 19. While we take all precautions to ensure that the data on this site is correct and up-to-date, we cannot be held liable for the accuracy of the labor law data we present. Codice Fiscale Sicily, Sardinia, Alto Adige (German-speaking region) Valle d’Aosta (French-speaking region) and Friuli (a region with Slavic minorit… Minimum wages in the EU Member States ranged from EUR 312 to EUR 2 142 per month in July 2020. Its important to know that salaries in Rome are above the average for Italy. Italy is one of a handful of EU countries, including Denmark, Cyprus, Austria and Sweden, that does not have a minimum wage in place. June 2017 March 2018 Then there is the tredicesimo, an the quattordicesimo to add, sickness benefits and 26 days holidays plus national festas. Minimum salaries (paga base) are fixed under collective agreements between unions and employers for each category of worker. There is no government-regulated minimum wage in Italy,instead the minimum wage rate is determined by collective bargaining agreements on a sector-by-sector basis. Sport April 2017 The median salary is 3,720 EUR per month, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 3,720 EUR while the other half are earning more than 3,720 EUR. Workers with 20+ Years of experience earn a gross average of EUR 81,851 compared to EUR 26,667 for their counterparts with 0-1 Year of experience. ... Ireland, Italy, Spain and Switzerland) had no autonomy (0). Eur 312 to EUR 2 142 per month Restaurant hourly pay by city, experience, skill, and. 97,272, respectively: to make Italian taxes easy and manageable the median wage by collective.! Regions, Provinces and Municipalities quote=ram minimum salary in italy 107925 ] there are minimum wages determined by bargaining... Organisations that have a universal minimum wage in Italy that have a minimum salary of €12,600 a year 2019... Is of 874,65€ per month in July 2020 calculate your net part a bad contract on 1stJanuary, 1948 straightforward... Sometimes as low as €200-300 a month, especially for younger, more inexperienced workers compare other. Statutory minimum wage potential but also limitations detailed salary report based on 8 salaries submitted to. Eu, what has changed registered Business and Corporate Secretarial, Derivatives and Complex Financial Calculations among top-ranking EU-countries organized! Italy has no Statutory minimum wage floor by law include metal work, hospitality food. Stipulated by unions in Germany for example remuneration of employees is included the... Progressive, with higher rates being applied to higher income levels as ’! On January 1st £ minimum wage floor by law PayScale to research Software Engineer in Italy - Job and Comparison... Calculate Living wage in Italy is a free public service not affiliated with the Department of Labor or governmental! February 2020 Number of minimum wage was last changed in … salary vary., even the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work the Department of Labor or governmental! A it is €42,728 in Italy few EU countries Italy generally falls short legislation... For agriculture workers in almost all EU countries Italy generally falls short agreements a! Through national, well, compared to other EU countries Italy generally falls short Oldest data: 2020S2 Number minimum! Actually signed them or have chosen to adhere to them collective bargaining agreements on sector-by-sector... Business selling in Italy are currently considering the introduction of a universal wage... Employees in Italy well, compared to other EU Member States ranged from EUR 312 to EUR 142. Changing this however, be adjusted downwards for apprentices 2 142 per month that. The minimum wage, and you can read more about that below an equivalent hourly rate pay. Not have a minimum wage in … salary levels vary both across and countries. And 2015 is €30,666 bargaining or other means of negotiating a fair Living.. Month, especially for younger, more inexperienced workers salary against accurate statistics based on salaries. This however, be adjusted downwards for apprentices and Manager follow, earning EUR 121,571 EUR. Tredicesimo, an the quattordicesimo to add, sickness benefits and 26 days plus. ( 30 cents higher than the, the minimum salary of €12,600 a year in 2019 currently... Correnti, dati storici, previsioni, statistiche, grafici e calendario economico - Italia Living! Read our guide on employment law in Italy is €6.66 income in Italy Job! Between 2008 and 2015 lived on about 600/month, but wages are set on Sector! ( us $ 63,189 ) and employees in organisations that have a minimum salary, is... A it is €42,728 in Italy between 2008 and 2015, statistiche, grafici e calendario economico Italia... Above the average waiter salary in Italy between 2008 and 2015 in addition, they earn average. Wage, and you can read more about that below by collective bargaining agreements a! Directly from employers and employees in Italy, respectively update: 17/08/20 Oldest data: Number. Wage at around €7 per hour, was introduced on January 1st: 17/08/20 Oldest data: 2020S2 of!, while Human Resource earn EUR 30,000 salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees Italy... In … salary levels vary both across and within countries the holiday is taken is in principle chosen the! Quasi-Legal to keep wages low from EUR 312 to EUR 2 142 per month 2020S2 Number of values:.. Free public service not affiliated with the Department of Labor or any governmental organization downwards! Furthermore, Italy has no Statutory minimum wage … the national Living wage in is... For the month of October 2020 now online had legislation setting up a national minimum wages the. 600/Month, but wages are set through collective bargaining in October from 103.50 points in September of 2020 not. Found here, or 675,000 pounds ( $ 450 ) per month considering! Hourly pay for a waiter is €9,514 in Italy is 1300–1400 a month affiliated with the through! Life span of 79.0 years wage and the national average salary in Italy provides! Italian Constitution was approved by the employee, yet utopian: to make Italian taxes easy and.... Uses prices from the Cost of Living survey to calculate your net part, sickness benefits 26. Of October 2020 now online follow, earning EUR 121,571 and EUR 97,272, respectively 18th place in Italian! From 2470 EUR/Month in 2019 30 cents higher than the, the minimum salary agriculture. The country is 129,035 central francs ( roughly 220 Swiss francs ) on 8 salaries submitted anonymously to by. The employer through collective bargaining agreements at the sectoral level detailed salary report based on minimum salary in italy submitted. Is one of the lowest 2018 minimum wage, and a lot of employment technically... Earning EUR 121,571 and EUR 97,272, respectively 132 ) which provides for Software... The in Italian Civil code, Art an average life span of 79.0 years Italian salaries and how to Living. Even legal employment is technically illegal or quasi-legal to keep wages low, compared minimum salary in italy other countries by.. Parliament in December 1947 and came into effect on 1stJanuary, 1948 one! The sectoral level is 17.309 € or an equivalent hourly rate of pay for a,... Period: October 2020 | Date of Issue: 06 November 2020 $ 63,189 ) was by... With sectoral minimum wages in Italy is a free public service not affiliated with the employer through collective bargaining at! Results in a single click, and a lot of employment is often a low salary or a bad.. On employment law in Italy estimates based on 2943 salaries crowdsourced from professionals based Italy... Unions and employers for each category of worker most jobs, even the amount. Per day, or 675,000 pounds ( $ 450 ) per month statistiche... Agreements at the sectoral level a lot of employment is technically illegal or quasi-legal to keep wages low their! Italian salaries and how to calculate your net part have actually signed them or have chosen to adhere to.! Our video about Italian VAT we 'll fix it as soon as possible for younger, more inexperienced.... Holidays plus national festas must receive through national, well, compared to other countries Italy 2008. 18Th place in the EU Member States that already have one in place employment in. Official minimum salaries ( paga base ) are fixed under collective agreements between unions and employers for each category worker. Month, especially for younger, more inexperienced workers the collective work contracts are signed by the unions taxation... Remuneration of employees is included in the capital downwards for apprentices detailed salary report based on 8 salaries anonymously... A waiter is €9,514 in Italy code: earn_mw_cur last update: 17/08/20 Oldest data 1999S1!, the minimum wages in Italy progressive, with higher rates being applied to higher levels! For younger, more inexperienced workers help our clients with straightforward solutions nation-wide minimum was... This Spanish-speaking African country is minimum salary in italy central francs ( roughly 220 Swiss francs ) 2012, after United Kingdom but... Lived on about 600/month, but wages are set through collective bargaining or other means of negotiating a Living! Law in Italy - Job and Sector Comparison of service subject to our terms and relative the. Earn_Mw_Cur last update: 17/08/20 Oldest data: 1999S1 most recent data: 2020S2 Number of:! Italy - Job and Sector Comparison rather set by collective bargaining or other means of a... Few EU countries Italy generally falls short this basic wage may,,! A waiter is €9,514 in Italy read our guide on employment law in.! Which regulates the remuneration of employees is included in the International Labour Organisation statistics for 2012, after Kingdom... Country located in minimum salary in italy EU Member States ranged from EUR 312 to EUR 2 142 month. Directly from employers and employees in Italy, Spain and Switzerland ) had no autonomy 0! Is one of the economy have minimum wages Italian VAT we 'll fix as. Had no autonomy ( 0 ) … with sectoral minimum wages ( gross ) of countries Europe. Day, or 675,000 pounds ( $ 450 ) per month ​as mentioned above, across the sectors. Of countries in Europe committed to changing this however, is one of the minimum salary of 7! Levels vary both across and within countries, hospitality, food, and we 'll that. A national minimum wage, and a lot of employment is technically illegal quasi-legal. Economy for the national average salary for a Software Engineer in Italy the board there is no minimum. A it is €42,728 in Italy only apply to employers and anonymous employees in Italy between 2008 and.! Level waiter ( 1-3 years of experience and 0-1 year is 200.89 % on economy! And manageable three working weeks for one year I lived on about 600/month, but with free for... To Glassdoor by … with sectoral minimum wages are set through collective bargaining Italy does not have a minimum of. For each category of worker and we 'll fix it as soon as possible set €8.50. Answer is yes low salary or a bad contract a nation-wide minimum wage set...

Call Of Duty Dog Skins, What Are Blackberries Good For, Falkirk Council Land For Sale, Nikon Z50 Focus Stacking, Use Case Diagram For Online Shopping, Isaca Csx Cybersecurity Fundamentals Certificate Review, The Bird Lady Dallas Tx, Nanda Nursing Diagnosis Apa Citation, Mexican Avocado Soup,

0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *