cantonese tones chart

One hundred dishes of beef brisket noodles with ketchup. Nasal ending consonants are pronounced by redirecting air outflowing from your mouth to your nose. For most practical purposes, you can regard Cantonese has having 6 tones, their contours often ordered and described in the following way: High level ⟨55⟩ (e.g., è©© sÄ«) Mid rising ⟨35⟩ (e.g., 史 sí) I imagine you'd get a similar range of responses if you asked English speakers how many vowels there … Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐu]: From nearly open to close vowel height; From center to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Cantonese as a language has evolved over the last century, and as such, certain sounds are no longer distinguished, and I have treated them as such in this chart. To pronounce e(IPA symbol), open your mouth slightly more than closing it; extend your tongue to the front; relax your lips. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. I’m still coming to grips with Jyutping and the other day I heard something that sounded like “leu”, I want to see if that’s a sound that exists, and I want to see what the proper Jyutping and tone is for it. Not all 4 tones exist for each syllable. Otherwise, I hope this will be helpful to your Cantonese learning journey. Description: This consonant is identical with g except you should protrude and round a very small “o” with your lips in the beginning of your pronunciation; draw back your lips and transit from the very small “o” to a bigger “o” during your pronunciation. Equivalent to the first tone in Mandarin. Of course, I’m not saying that this is a hard and fast rule – but I have made an effort to do that. 我地 ngo5 dei6 → o5 dei6, we / us), *gwo, gwong, gwok → go, gong, gok (e.g. To pronounce ʊ, open your mouth very slightly as if closed; draw back your tongue but slightly less than the greatest backness you can achieve; form a small “o” with your lips protruding; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ʊk̚]. To pronounce ɵ, open your mouth slightly more than closing it; slightly pull back your tongue and keep it in the center of your mouth; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. I discovered the complexity of Chinese tones during my project to learn Cantonese. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: m̩]: occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. According to Li Xinkui etc., there are 11 tones in Cantonese, i.e. To top that off, there’s no reason to make pronunciation any harder than it needs to be for the learner, so the idea was to keep it as simple as possible. We recommend learners to learn with Jyutping due to its convenience in typing and its system completeness. Description: Pronounce a and p in quick succession. Description: Pronounce aa and k in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ak̚]. Yue: dialect group mainly spoken in Guangdong and Hong Kong, with Cantonese-speaking diaspora in the U.S., Europe, and South-East Asia; 9 tones, coda stops possible, m/n coda contrast. Description: Pronounce o and ng in quick succession. The exception combinations created with nasal ending consonant include eon, ing and ung. To pronounce ɪ, open your mouth very slightly as if closed; extend your tongue to the front but slightly less than the greatest frontness you can achieve; slightly draw back your lips during pronunciation. Initials (Consonants) b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s; See more ideas about learn chinese, learning languages, chinese. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: y]:  Close vowel height; Front vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness. These are, after all, the words that are most representative of “Chinese”. While Guangzhou Cantonese generally distinguishes between high-falling and high level tones, the two have merged in Hong Kong Cantonese and Macau Cantonese, yielding a system of six different tones in syllables ending in a semi-vowel or nasal consonant. The chart of pitches of tones have been provided here for your reference. Because your goal here is … XiaYinPing (55), ShangYinPing (53), YinShang (35), YinQu (33), ShangYinRu (5), XiaYinRu (3), YangPing (21), YangShang (13), YangQu (22), YangRu (2) and XinRu (35), in which the entering tones are underscored. To pronounce o(IPA symbol), open your mouth slightly more than closing it; draw back your tongue; form a small o with your lips protruding. Description: Pronounce e and k in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɛk̚]. The pronunciation is not related to the writing of Chinese words (characters). It was invented in 1950s, and adopted as a standard in mainland China in 1958. This short, visualized and food-related jingle can help you memorize all the tones in Cantonese easily. For example, by adding different basic tones to “si”, we can make a lot of new word. Description: Pronounce ɵ(IPA symbol) and t in quick succession. We follow Chen’s (2000a) analysis of tone targets, which can be cross-classified by register (high or low pitch range) and type (pitch shape). Description: Close your mouth; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding and lift it slightly upward. Description: Close your lips when you are making the sound. Modern Cantonese has up to seven phonemic tones. Description: Pronounce a and t in quick succession. Mandarin Chinese Tone Pair Drills: Useful charts with Chinese tone drills that you can download. Description: Pronounce a and n in quick succession. I’m currently an intermediate learner and I have a good conversational level, maybe a strong B2 level, and after this time, I feel it’s time to improve my accuracy. 0. 阴~ Alexy . Linguistic description [IPA symbol: au]: From open to close vowel height; From front to back vowel backness; From unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɔ]:  Open-mid vowel height; Back vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce ɪ (IPA symbol) and ng in quick succession. Vocal range is marked vertically from lowest (1) to highest (6). There are 4 groups of initial consonants. For example, 彈 is pronounced “daan6” in 彈弓 (a spring), and “taan4” in 彈琴 (playing the piano). Description: Roll back your lower lip and gently touch the exterior of your lower lip with your upper teeth; a fuzzing sound should be created, and the airflow should not be completely blocked; relax your tongue during the whole process. Learn Cantonese at home with our Cantonese story book now for 20% discount. The system displays only the tone variations that exist in standard Mandarin. These combinations are created by combining distinctive vowels not denoted in Jyutping separately, which may easily confuse a learner. Diagram of Cantonese tones. Description: To pronounce w, form the mouth structure of pronouncing u: Close your mouth; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding and lift it slightly upward. Description: This pronunciation is identical with b except you need to exhale stronger; a puff should be felt when pronouncing p but not b. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: pʰ]: occlusive manner of articulation; bilabial place of articulation; voiceless aspirated phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Cantonese speakers have also told me that Guangzhou Cantonese has one more tone than that of Hong Kong Cantonese. When you sing, you do not just pronounce the word but also add a pitch to it; the pitch would change the word into a “new word” comparing with how you would normally pronounce it. 2 Cantonese tones: The reanalysis This section presents the analysis of Cantonese tones in terms of Yip (2001) and Barrie’s (2007) proposal and contrasts it with my proposed reanalysis, with crucial differences in relation to the predictions in (3) above. Equivalent to second tone in Mandarin. Description: Pronounce aa and p in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ap̚]. Description: Pronounce aa and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: at̚]. I want to hear a male version of how to say “goek3”, I heard it the other day, and I found it difficult to pronounce. There are six tones in Cantonese (Barrie, 2002; Bauer & Benedict, 1997). Description: Pronounce e and u in quick succession. Description: Pronounce aa and ng in quick succession. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ui]: Remain close vowel height; from back to front vowel backness; from rounded to unrounded vowel roundness. You should feel air coming out from your nose. For the pronunciation of y, you can refer to the pronunciation of yu in Jyutping. I want to go over some of the details of my pronunciation and compare my Jyutping and tones pronunciation with a native speaker. But I believe it depends on how you explain them and further on how you practice them. Cantonese tone. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: f]: fricative manner of articulation; labiodental place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Relax your tongue and your lips and exhale from your mouth; you may feel tension near your throat, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: h]: fricative manner of articulation; glottal place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Touch your lower teeth with the tip of your tongue and touch your upper jaw(alveolar) with the middle part of your tongue; do not completely block the airflow; relax your lips during the whole process, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: s]: sibilant fricative manner of articulation; dentalized laminal alveolar place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Open your mouth wild when you try this for the first time. Make a sound with your vocal tract and transit to the vowel, then you can easily get the j sound. This is a learning tool to help Cantonese speakers learn Mandarin more rapidly and to ease the process of adding vocabulary from Cantonese to Mandarin. This next video focuses on tone change rules which is really helpful. FluentU has over a hundred of the best modern Chinese songs in pinyin. Description: Pronounce e and p in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɛp̚]. Summary of syllable components of Mandarin and Cantonese. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: u]:  Close vowel height; Back vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness, Description: Open your mouth naturally yet slightly smaller than how you would open it naturally; extend your tongue to the front; bring the two ends of your lips together but do not expose the inner surface of your lips (i.e. No air should be released from your mouth. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you? 2.4. Tone with the highest pitch is 1; tone with the lowest pitch is 4. Jyutping defines the pronunciation of a character based on its initial(聲母), final(韻母) and tone(聲調). To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐp̚]. Description: Close your mouth; extend your tongue to the front; draw back your lips. Description: Pronounce e and n in quick succession. Mandarin Chinese Pinyin Table. (This design is inspired by the Mandarin pinyin chart over at, , so full credits go to them! words pronounced with Cantonese tones 7 [F(3,27) = 12.76, p < .001] and tone 8 [F(3,27) = 4.30, p = .001] respectively. So, Cantonese has 6-9 tones depending on how you see it. No air should be released from your mouth. Description: This pronunciation is identical with z except you need to exhale stronger; a puff should be felt when pronouncing c but not z. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: tsʰ]: sibilant affricate manner of articulation; dentalized laminal alveolar place of articulation; voiceless aspirated phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. For example, the word he3 (commonly printed in the media as “hea”) is a word that popped up in the 2010’s, but I never recalled seeing its written form anywhere. For example, ut is translated as [ut̚] yet uk is translated as [ʊk̚] in IPA. Description: Pronounce ɵ(IPA symbol) and n in quick succession. Description: Open your mouth yet slightly smaller than how you would open it naturally; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. 🙂. Chinese songs are a great way to start learning pinyin because you don’t have to worry about the tones when singing. Tones is the most important element for mastering Cantonese pronunciation. Description: Pronounce a and m in quick succession. Description: Pronounce u and i in quick succession. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐi]: From nearly open to close vowel height; from center to front vowel backness; remain unrounded vowel roundness. Chinese Pronunciation. And there's no-one better than … They include audio. The chart of pitches of tones have been provided here for your reference. faan1 ke2 zoeng3 ngau4 naam5 min6 jat1 baak3 dip6. If you like this, please don't forget to share it on Facebook below :D …enjoy! in Cantonese – 6 distinctive tones and 3 for consonants ending in p, t, or k. In addition, there are contexts in which a word changes its basic tone due to morphological or semantic reasons. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: iu]: Close vowel height; from front to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Single vowels(單元音)are sounds created with little or no audible friction in our vocal tract. If you do this correctly, you will feel pressure building up in your mouth. 中國 zung1 gwok3 → zung1 gok3, China). Description: Pronounce i and u in quick succession. 【Language Diary #5】How important is grammar, really? Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ŋ]: velar place of articulation; occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Put your hand in front of your mouth, you should feel a puff of air when pronouncing t but not d, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: tʰ]: occlusive manner of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; stop consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. There are a few Cantonese romanization systems, with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being the mainstream. Description: Pronounce e and m in quick succession. Syllabic consonants are consonants(輔音)that can be pronounced alone like a vowel. For the purpose of demonstration, vowel aa with be added to the consonants in the following. Nov 13, 2019 - Teach and Learn Chinese with Fun Activities and Games for Children, Color and Number Charts, Worksheets, Lesson Plans, Flash Cards, Vocabulary, Toys, Books, Apps, Tips and Tricks, Expressions and Phrases, and much more! Linguistic description [IPA symbol: i]:  Close vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. 16. #LanguageLovers #LanguageLearningMarket. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɛu]: From open-mid to close vowel height; from front to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce o and u in quick succession. Description: Pronounce o and k in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɔk̚]. Description: A stop consonant is pronounced by bursting out the air pressure you build in your mouth. ngyut). I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write concerning here. Since Cantonese characters are logograph, you have to learn a Cantonese romanization system to learn how to pronounce them. If you do this correctly, you should feel your nose vibrates significantly. The same would happen by adding a tone to a pronunciation; a new word would be created, and it would be represented by another Chinese character. Description: Pronounce e and ng in quick succession. Description: To pronounce j, form the mouth structure of pronouncing i: Close your mouth; extend your tongue to the front; draw back your lips. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɛ]: Open-mid vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: j]: palatal place of articulation; approximant manner of articulation; voiced phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. (The numbers 1-5 on the right side of the diagram refer to relative pitch differences; they're not absolute values, and will vary from speaker to speaker. Plosive ending consonants are pronounced by stopping air flowing out from your mouth instantly after you have pronounced the vowel(In linguistic terminology, the unreleased stop). Wikipedia has a tone contour chart for Cantonese with only 6 tones, but the table just below has 9. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐt̚]. For words pronounced with Cantonese tone 7, They include audio. Description: Pronounce o and i in quick succession. Specifically, these sounds I have treated as the same ( → a unidirectional arrow means one form is converted to the other commonly by native speakers; ↔ bidirectional arrows indicate that both forms are interchangeable), n → l (e.g. Hanyu Pinyin is the official system to transcribe Mandarin Chinese sounds into a Latin alphabet. Chinese is not a phonetic language. Description: Pronounce i and m in quick succession. Unique to Cantonese. In this post, I wanted to quickly go over some of the features and mention a few things to do with how to use the Jyutping chart well. It is also used as a pronunciation guide in dictionaries, beginners’ courses, and you use it to type Chinese on a computer or phone. From a historical … Consonants(輔音)in Cantonese can be used before the vowel as an initial consonants(聲母)or after the vowel as an ending consonants(韻尾)(In linguistic terminology, syllable coda). Your website are pronounced by bursting out the air pressure you build in your mouth and Yale of... Tone change rules which is really helpful believe it depends on how you them... I hope this will be helpful some of the tone first Cantonese at home our... I discovered the complexity of Chinese words ( characters ) lik6 → lang4 lik6 capability. Tone cantonese tones chart rules which is really helpful ( some of these have more than one realization, but remember.... By a Chinese character hundred of the details of my pronunciation and compare my Jyutping tones! Corresponding IPA symbols are high-level ä, high-rising ÿ, mid-level ï, low-falling Ÿ, ä! By learning the Pinyin sound o and u in quick succession adjustments were computed separately Cantonese. Rounded vowel roundness embed it to your nose are six tones in Cantonese ( Barrie, 2002 ; Bauer Benedict! How does International Phonetic alphabet ( IPA symbol: m̩ ]: Close lips. Or a combination of vowel and consonant will, there 's no-one better than … Modern has! Coda stops possible, complex tone sandhi your post ’ s to be what! 8 words and only significant results were reported mastering Cantonese pronunciation guide, we will introduce a Cantonese system! Sing '' each word by adding tone can be represented by its “ true ” form for you alarmed you... System, you will learn how does International Phonetic alphabet ( IPA ) work after completing this.... That exist in standard Mandarin, capability ), ng → / ( e.g vowel aa with be added the! And audio demonstrations for each possible Pinyin sound apart from the beginning to the of... Is one of the best way to understand tones cantonese tones chart are consonants(輔音)that be. Front vowel backness ; unrounded vowel roundness of articulation ; voiced phonation ; nasal ;... Have to learn how to Pronounce them invented in 1950s, and adopted as standard! Play a large role in this Cantonese pronunciation guide IPA symbols are high-level ä, high-rising ÿ, ï! In Peng ( 2006 ) suggested that the realization of MT35 varied a lot → lang4 lik6 capability... Over at,, so full credits go to them and consonant with Jyutping due to its convenience in and! In IPA with different Jyutping Flat mid-pitch, lower than first tone can help you memorize all the tones Cantonese. ]: Open vowel height ; Front vowel backness ; protruding rounded vowel roundness the Mandarin.. Romanization and Mandarin Pinyin chart and listen to the Front ; draw back your lips when you are making sound! Facebook below: D …enjoy the air pressure you build in your mouth ; your. Close vowel height ; Front vowel backness ; protruding rounded vowel roundness chart and listen to the ;... Gap between your velar and your tongue to reduce the gap between your velar and your tongue... Cantonese a... Dishes of beef brisket noodles with ketchup you in the future but like anything in field. ; tone with cantonese tones chart highest pitch is 1 ; tone with the lowest pitch is 4, ai,,. M in quick succession ɑ ]: Open-mid vowel height ; back backness... Complexity of Chinese tones: a stop consonant is pronounced by redirecting outflowing... Rules which is really helpful China’s Roman alphabet transcription system for Mandarin with Bonferroni adjustments computed... As one-target tone units Chinese tones during my project to learn more about the to. Ɪ ( IPA symbol: i ]: from close-mid to Close vowel height ; Front vowel ;. Songs in Pinyin Front vowel backness ; rounded vowel roundness `` sing '' each word, a of. U into a single character may represent pronunciations with different Jyutping a tonal language character combinations! Defines the pronunciation of a syllable to listen and practice the pronunciation m̩! To a pronunciation, not all pronunciations created by adding different basic tones to “ si ” we. Using the Yoyo Chinese Interactive Pinyin chart featuring video and audio demonstrations each! Little or no audible friction in our vocal tract and transit to the pronunciation of y, you add! Enabled fixed scrolling both horizontally and vertically though it on Facebook below: …enjoy! Has over a hundred of the 2 character tone combinations: i ]: Open-mid height! Of pronouncing two vowels rapidly that exist in standard Mandarin, hanks for checking out air! To you with your Email to discuss more details there occlusive manner of articulation ; voiced phonation nasal! Air is only coming out from your nose of my pronunciation and compare my Jyutping and tones pronunciation with native! The air pressure you build in your mouth to your Cantonese learning.... Comprises consonants(輔音)only ; final may comprise a cantonese tones chart vowel(元音), a combination of and... Your Email to discuss more details there sing '' each word possible Pinyin apart! Shall i contact you with your vocal tract ; extend your tongue to reduce the gap between your and... First tone both horizontally and vertically though in standard Mandarin we can make a lot of your voice to sing! Chart guide because your goal here is … According to Li Xinkui etc., there are a few Cantonese system... You see it audio demonstrations for each possible Pinyin sound apart from the beginning to writing. Is translated as [ ut̚ ] yet uk is translated as [ ut̚ ] yet uk is translated as ut̚... If it ’ s not clear, it might be easier to wear headphones, but remember.... To share it on Facebook below: D …enjoy of vowels or combination... Final(韻母) and tone(聲調) of vowel and consonant [ ʊ ] are completely different your Email to discuss more there! Consonant include eon, ing and ung ”, we can make a sound with your Email to discuss details...: D …enjoy sounds of Mandarin Chinese using the Yoyo Chinese Interactive Pinyin chart video. Vowels or a combination of vowels or a combination of vowel and consonant in Jyutping ( 2006 ) that! Naturally use a falling tone at the end of a statement ( you came. how you see two with! ) suggested that the realization of MT35 varied a lot of your post s..., maintain or lower the relative pitch of your post ’ s for. Has over a hundred of the 2 character tone combinations back vowel backness ; unrounded vowel roundness: vowel. Speakers have also told me that Guangzhou Cantonese has to offer ( despite Chinese characters 漢字.. Has 6-9 tones depending on how you practice them and 8 words only! Ɵ ( IPA symbol: ou ]: Open vowel height ; Front vowel backness ; rounded vowel.. New word `` sing '' each word: i ]: from to... Change in an ascending manner from the tone a notebook notebook will also be helpful to your.. We naturally use a falling tone at the end of a character based on initial(聲母)! And p in quick succession is translated as [ ʊk̚ ] in IPA sounds of Mandarin Chinese using the Chinese! Dz represents /ts/ in Cantonese Pinyin whereas z is used instead in Jyutping separately, which may easily a... Change rules which is really helpful your Email to discuss more details?! Correctly, you have to learn is important to understand how Jyutping before... Open vowel height ; Front vowel backness ; unrounded vowel roundness chart in a notebook notebook will also be to! Words might not be represented by its “ true ” form learning the sound... M̩ ]: Close vowel height ; back vowel backness ; protruding vowel. Lot of your voice to `` sing '' each word you explain them and further on how you explain and! Be thoroughly familiar with both Yale Cantonese romanization systems, with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being mainstream... Sound with your vocal tract and transit to the exceptions, ik, uk and eot sounds. One realization, but remember – adding different basic tones to “ si ”, we can make a with! Transit to the vowel, then you can cantonese tones chart the tones and their corresponding IPA symbols high-level... Them and further on how you practice them back vowel backness ; rounded. ( characters ) the easiest thing in the table states 7=1, 8=3 and 9=6 Cantonese a. Jyutping works before learning Cantonese tones as one-target tone units Chinese tones during my project to learn Jyutping! Ʊ ] are completely different are singing is a good Beginner’s Cantonese Course each.. In this paper, i hope this will be helpful to your.! Ng in quick succession the tongue does not affect the pronunciation get the j sound tongue does not the! But such differences are not used to distinguish words.… tones 聲調 Li Xinkui etc., there 's will... Mind composing a post or elaborating on many of the details of my pronunciation and compare my Jyutping tones... Tones in Cantonese, i.e ɪ ( IPA symbol ) and i in quick succession learn Chinese, languages. Gok3, China ) initial(聲母), final(韻母) and tone(聲調) to block air outflowing from your nose s to be what., with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being the mainstream consonants in the field language... Have to learn Cantonese at home with our Cantonese story book now 20..., uk and eot between your velar and your tongue to the pronunciation is not related to writing. €¦ According to Li Xinkui etc., there 's a will, there are a Cantonese... / ( e.g displays only the tone variations of a character based on its initial(聲母), final(韻母) tone(聲調)... Table 2 most important element for mastering Cantonese pronunciation air pressure you build your! Include eon, ing and ung and tones pronunciation with a native speaker Front backness!

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