epic of gilgamesh poem
English translation (Looklex Encyclopaedia): Passer, deliciae meae puellae (Catullus 2), Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus (Catullus 5), Miser Catulle, desinas ineptire (Catullus 8), http://looklex.com/e.o/texts/religion/gilgamesh01.htm. However, he regrets his curses when Shamash speaks from heaven and points out how unfair Enkidu is being. I laid it down at your feet, and you made it compete with me. Enkidu objects to the plan as the Cedar Forest is the sacred realm of the gods and not meant for mortals, but neither Enkidu not the council of elders of Uruk can convince Gilgamesh not to go. Whose name, from the day of his birth, was called 'Gilgamesh'? about him who experienced all things,… alike,Anu granted him the totality of knowledge of all.He saw the Secret, discovered the Hidden,he brought information of (the time) before the Flood.He went on a distant journey, pushing himself to exhaustion,but then was brought to peace.He carved on a stone stela all of his toils,and built the wall of Uruk-Haven,the wall of the sacred Eanna Temple, the holy sanctuary.Look at its wall which gleams like copper(? ~The narrative voice of the epic poem makes it difficult for the audience to relate to Gilgamesh. In order to curb Gilgamesh’s seemingly harsh rule, the god Anu causes the creation of Enkidu, a wild man who at first lives among animals. The ageless Utnapishtim and his wife now reside in a beautiful country in another world, Dilmun, and Gilgamesh travels far to the east in search of them, crossing great rivers and oceans and mountain passes, and grappling and slaying monstrous mountain lions, bears and other beasts. He also points out that Gilgamesh will become but a shadow of his former self if Enkidu were to die. Much of the tragedy in the poem arises from the conflict between the desires of the divine part of Gilgamesh (from his goddess mother) and the destiny of the mortal man (his mortality conferred on him by his human father). Fragments of other compositions of the Gilgamesh story have been found in other places in Mesopotamia and as far away as Syria and Turkey. The offended Ishtar insists that her father send the “Bull of Heaven” to avenge Gilgamesh’s rejection, threatening to raise the dead if he will not comply. The latest and most complete version yet found, composed no later than around 600 b.c., was signed by a Babylonian author and editor who called himself Sin-Leqi-Unninni. The translator chose to eliminate Tablet XII for personal reasons, with support from many literary, archaeological, and … of Anu! At the request of a trapper, Gilgamesh sends a temple prostitute, Shamhat, to seduce and tame Enkidu and, after six days and seven nights with the harlot, he is no longer just a wild beast who lives with animals. The city of Uruk celebrates the great victory, but Enkidu has a bad dream in which the gods decide to punish Enkidu himself for the killing of the Bull of Heaven and Humbaba. )…[The following lines are interpreted as rhetorical, perhaps spoken by the oppressed citizens of Uruk. I was afraid, so I did not go up to him. Go, set off to Uruk, tell Gilgamesh of this Man of Might. He tells the ferryman his story and asks for his help, but Urshanabi explains that he has just destroyed the sacred stones which allow the ferry boat to safely cross the Waters of Death. 'You are young yet, Gilgamesh, your mother gave birth to you, and you are the offspring of Rimnt-Nlnsun (? 'There will come to you a mighty man, a comrade who saves his friend— he is the mightiest in the land, he is strongest, his strength is mighty as the meteorite(!) It is divided into loosely connected episodes covering the most important events in the life of the hero, although there is no account of Gilgamesh’s miraculous birth or childhood legends. Finally, they reach the island of Dilmun and, when Utnapishtim sees that there is someone else in the boat, he asks Gilgamesh who he is. Scholars believe that it originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems about the protagonist of the story, Gilgamesh king of Uruk, which were fashioned into a longer Akkadian epic much later. Supreme over other kings, lordly in appearance,he is the hero, born of Uruk, the goring wild bull. of the Ishtar Temple,three leagues and the open area(?) Poetry has also changed over the years. It relates ancient folklore, tales and myths and it is believed that there were many different smaller stories and myths that over time grew together into one complete work. Overview. The earliest Sumerian versions of “The Epic of Gilgamesh” date from as early as the Third Dynasty of Ur (2150 – 2000 BCE), and are written in Sumerian cuneiform script, one of the earliest known forms of written expression. Both Gilgamesh and Enkidu are transformed for the better through their new-found friendship and have many lessons to learn from each other. I was afraid, so I did not go up to him. Although recognized as a historical figure, Gilgamesh, as represented in the epic, is a largely legendary or mythical figure. 'He heeded his father's advice.The trapper went off to Uruk,he made the journey, stood inside of Uruk,and declared to… Gilgamesh: 'There is a certain fellow who has come from the mountains— he is the mightiest in the land, his strength is as mighty as the meteorite(?) of Anu! His animals, who grew up in his wilderness, will become alien to him, and his lust will groan over you. But the men of Uruk muttered in their houses, ‘Gilgamesh sounds the tocsin for his amusement, his arrogance has no bounds by day or night. The world at the end of the tunnel is a bright wonderland, full of trees with leaves of jewels. of Anu. The two men share many adventures until Enkidu is mortally wounded. Humbaba then curses them both, and Gilgamesh finally puts an end to it. They allow Gilgamesh to proceed when he convinces them of his divinity and his desperation, and he travels for twelve leagues through the dark tunnel where the sun travels every night. I tried to lift it but it was too mighty for me, I tried to turn it over but I could not budge it. 'That is he, Shamhat! Identifier. 'The daughter of the warrior, the bride of the young man,Anu listened to their complaints,and (the gods) called out to Aruru: 'it was you, Aruru, who created mankind(? He does not let me make my rounds in the wilderness! I will lead you to Gilgamesh—I know where he will be. But the god Ea forewarned Utnapishtim, advising him to build a ship in readiness and to load onto it his treasures, his family and the seeds of all living things. The Great Goddess [Aruru] designed(?) The Epic Of Gilgamesh Tablet I Poem by Anonymous Asian - Poem Hunter. The first person Gilgamesh meets there is the wine-maker Siduri, who initially believes he is a murderer from his dishevelled appearance and attempts to dissuade him from his quest. He is the mightiest in the land, his strength is as mighty as the meteorite(?) body,his knees that wanted to go off with his animals went rigid;Enkidu was diminished, his running was not as before.But then he drew himself up, for his understanding had broadened.Turning around, he sat down at the harlot's feet,gazing into her face, his ears attentive as the harlot spoke.The harlot said to Enkidu: 'You are beautiful,' Enkidu, you are become like a god. )… (It was) at the word of Shamash, Lord of the Mountain, that you were roused (to this expedition). Not all of the tablets survived intact, therefore scholars can only guess at what certain sections of the poem are meant to say. The Epic of Gilgamesh is a poem written on stone tablets sometime between 2700 B.C. Despite the antiquity of the work, we are shown, through the action, a very human concern with mortality, the search for knowledge and for an escape from the common lot of man. Look at him, gaze at his face— he is a handsome youth, with freshness(! He curses the door he made for the gods, and he curses the trapper he met, the harlot he loved and the very day that he became human. He soon learns the ways of men and is shunned by the animals he used to live with, and the harlot eventually persuades him to come to live in the city. as if she were strong. The boat came to rest on the tip of the mountain of Nisir, where they waited for the waters to subside, releasing first a dove, then a swallow and then a raven to check for dry land. The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. It originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems in cuneiform script dating back to the early 3rd or late 2nd millenium BCE, which were later gathered into a longer Akkadian poem (the most complete version existing today, preserved on 12 clay tablets, dates from the 12th to 10th Century BCE). Some time later, the goddess Ishtar (goddess of love and war, and daughter of the sky-god Anu) makes sexual advances to Gilgamesh, but he rejects her, because of her mistreatment of her previous lovers. The Epic of Gilgamesh Poem Analysis Analysis: “The Epic of Gilgamesh” Gilgamesh illustrates the transformative experience of human companionship with themes that remain as relevant in the modern day as they were in ancient Babylon. The discovery of artifacts, dating back to around 2600 BCE, associated with Enmebaragesi of Kish (who is mentioned in the legends as the father of one of Gilgamesh‘s adversaries), has lent credibility to the historical existence of Gilgamesh. in Mesopotamia. The story begins with the introduction of Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, two-thirds god and one-third human, blessed by the gods with strength, courage and beauty, and the strongest and greatest king who ever existed. Five shorter poems in the Sumerian language (“Gilgamesh and Huwawa”, “Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven”, “Gilgamesh and Agga of Kish”, “Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld” and “Death of Gilgamesh”), more than 1,000 years older than the Nineveh tablets, have also been discovered. Some aspects of the “Gilgamesh” flood myth seem to be closely related to the story of Noah’s ark in “The Bible” and the Qur’an, as well as similar stories in Greek, Hindu and other myths, down to the building of a boat to accommodate all life, its eventual coming to rest on the top of a mountain and the sending out of a dove to find dry land. However, the people of Uruk are not happy, and complain that Gilgamesh is too harsh and abuses his power by sleeping with their women. Enkidu, you who do not know, how to live, I will show you Gilgamesh, a man of extreme feelings (!). 'He ate grasses with the gazelles,and jostled at the watering hole with the animals;as with animals, his thirst was slaked with (mere) water.A notorious trapper came face-to-face with him opposite the watering hole.A first, a second, and a third dayhe came face-to-face with him opposite the watering hole.On seeing him the trapper's face went stark with fear,and he (Enkidu?) When he sees you he will draw near to you. 'The mother of Gilgamesh, the wise, all-knowing, said to her son;Rimat-Ninsun, the wise, all-knowing, said to Gilgamesh: ''The axe that you saw (is) a man. The monster begs Gilgamesh for his life, and Gilgamesh at first pities the creature, despite Enkidu’s practical advice to kill the beast. The Epic of Gilgamesh is, perhaps, the oldest written story on Earth. The primary importance for The Epic of Gilgamesh as a piece of world literature is its age. 'The mother of Gilgamesh, the wise, all-knowing, said to her Lord;Rimat-Ninsun, the wise, all-knowing, said to Gilgamesh: 'As for the stars of the sky that appeared and the meteorite(?) When the animals are drinking at the watering place have her take off her robe and expose her sex. There is no one stronger than he, he is as strong as the meteorite(?) Now Gilgamesh must bare the sorrow of the death of his friend. Enkidu, it is your wrong thoughts you must change! Epic. Gilgamesh tells him his story and asks for help, but Utnapishtim reprimands him because he knows that fighting the fate of humans is futile and ruins the joy in life. Yet he refuses to accept the finality of death and decides to search for the source eternal life. When the animals are drinking at the watering place have her take off her robe and expose her sex. All information has been reproduced here for educational and informational purposes to benefit site visitors, and is provided at no charge... Recite this poem (upload your own video or voice file). The Epic of Gilgamesh Summary. The earliest Sumerian poems dealing with Gilgamesh date back to around 2100 BCE. Even before you came from the mountain Gilgamesh in Uruk had dreams about you. A number of the usual devices of poetic embellishment are employed, including puns, deliberate ambiguity and irony, and the occasional effective use of similes. she created valiant Enkidu,born of Silence, endowed with strength by Ninurta.His whole body was shaggy with hair,he had a full head of hair like a woman,his locks billowed in profusion like Ashnan.He knew neither people nor settled living,but wore a garment like Sumukan. Gilgamesh demands of Utnapishtim in what way their two situations differ and Utnapishtim tells him the story of how he survived the great flood. According to some scholars, there are many parallel verses, as well as themes or episodes, which indicate a substantial influence of the “Epic of Gilgamesh” on the later Greek epic poem “The Odyssey”, ascribed to Homer. Template:Mesopotamian myth (heroes) The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of literature. He orders the people of Uruk, from the lowest farmer to the highest temple priests, to also mourn Enkidu, and orders statues of Enkidu to be built. One day, when Gilgamesh himself comes to a wedding party to sleep with the bride, as is his custom, he finds his way blocked by the mighty Enkidu, who opposes Gilgamesh‘s ego, his treatment of women and the defamation of the sacred bonds of marriage. The only way they can now cross is if Gilgamesh cuts 120 trees and fashions them into punting poles, so that they can cross the waters by using a new pole each time and by using his garment as a sail. It uses “stock epithets” (repeated common descriptive words applied to the main characters) in the same way as Homer does, although they are perhaps more sparingly used than in Homer. The Epic Of Gilgamesh Essay 1198 Words | 5 Pages. Take and read out from the lapis lazuli tablethow Gilgamesh went through every hardship. It is also thought that the Alexander the Great myth in Islamic and Syrian cultures is influenced by the Gilgamesh story. The wild man Enkidu was created by the gods both as a friend and companion for Gilgamesh, but also as a foil for him and as a focus for his excessive vigour and energy. It was so cool we are learning about this in sshol. to the lands.I will teach (?) 'There is no rival who can raise a weapon against him. But this isn't the only source and new pieces of the poem still keep turning up, helping us better understand this legendary tale. “The Epic of Gilgamesh” is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia and among the earliest known literary writings in the world. The Epic of Gilgamesh is considered to be one of the most captivating and really worthwhile pieces of ancient works in Mesopotamian literature. Gilgamesh was a very powerful and strong king, but he realized that he must use his power to help the people of Uruk. The author of the poem is unknown, for the Epic of Gilgamesh is sourced from multiple fragments that have been excavated since the nineteenth century. Finally, the two heroes confront Humbaba, the demon-ogre guardian of the sacred trees, and a great battle commences. The “Epic of Gilgamesh” is essentially a secular narrative, and there no suggestion that it was ever recited as part of a religious ritual. When he meets Urshanabi, though, he appears to be surrounded by a company of stone-giants, which Gilgamesh promptly kills, thinking them to be hostile. The original title, based on the opening words, was “He Who Saw the Deep” (“Sha naqba imuru”) or, in the earlier Sumerian versions, “Surpassing All Other Kings” (“Shutur eli sharri”). Gilgamesh prays to the gods to return his friend and, although Enlil and Suen do not even bother to reply, Ea and Shamash decide to help. He filled in the pits that I had dug, wrenched out my traps that I had spread, released from my grasp the wild animals. The mother of Gilgamesh, the wise, all-knowing, said to her son; Rimat-Ninsun, the wise, all-knowing, said to Gilgamesh: ''The axe that you saw (is) a man. So, Enlil blessed Utnapishtim and his wife and granted them everlasting life, and took them to live in the land of the gods on the island of Dilmun. He plans to use the flower to rejuvenate the old men of the city of Uruk and then to use it himself. Lead me in and I will change the order of things; he whose strength is mightiest is the one born in the wilderness! of Anu which fell next to you, you tried to lift but it was too mighty for you, you tried to turn it over but were unable to budge it, you laid it down at my feet, and I made it compete with you, and you loved and embraced it as a wife.' 'The trapper went, bringing the harlot, Shamhat, with him.They set off on the journey, making direct way.On the third day they arrived at the appointed place,and the trapper and the harlot sat down at their posts(? Who can say like Gilgamesh: 'I am King!'? Enkidu and Gilgamesh fight each other and, after a mighty battle, Gilgamesh defeats Enkidu, but breaks off from the fight and spares his life. Gilgamesh is determined to avoid Enkidu‘s fate and decides to make the perilous journey to visit Utnapishtim and his wife, the only humans to have survived the Great Flood and who were granted immortality by the gods, in the hope of discovering the secret of everlasting life. 62 quotes from The Epic of Gilgamesh: ‘Gilgamesh, where are you hurrying to? ''Gilgamesh got up and revealed the dream, saying to his mother: 'Mother, I had a dream last night. 'Shamhat unclutched her bosom, exposed her sex, and he took in her voluptuousness.She was not restrained, but took his energy.She spread out her robe and he lay upon her,she performed for the primitive the task of womankind.His lust groaned over her;for six days and seven nights Enkidu stayed aroused,and had intercourse with the harlotuntil he was sated with her charms.But when he turned his attention to his animals,the gazelles saw Enkidu and darted off,the wild animals distanced themselves from his body.Enkidu… his utterly depleted(?) You loved him and embraced him as a wife; and it is he who will repeatedly save you. ), 'Gilgamesh does not leave a son to his father, 'day and night he arrogantly… 'Is he the shepherd of Uruk-Haven, 'is he their shepherd… 'bold, eminent, knowing, and wise, 'Gilgamesh does not leave a girl to her mother(?)! First, though, he challenges Gilgamesh to stay awake for six days and seven nights, but Gilgamesh falls asleep almost before Utnapishtim finishes speaking. Stars of the sky appeared, and some kind of meteorite(?) The Epic poem Gilgamesh dates back to approximately 3000 B.C., yet it is still widely popular in the modern day 21st century, as are the themes and messages the poem may have tried to express. 'His fellows stand (at the alert), attentive to his (orders ! ),inspect its inner wall, the likes of which no one can equal!Take hold of the threshold stone—it dates from ancient times!Go close to the Eanna Temple, the residence of Ishtar,such as no later king or man ever equaled!Go up on the wall of Uruk and walk around,examine its foundation, inspect its brickwork thoroughly.Is not (even the core of) the brick structure made of kiln-fired brick,and did not the Seven Sages themselves lay out its plans?One league city, one league palm gardens, one league lowlands, the open area(?) ~The difficult journey that Gilgamesh must undertake causes him to feel defeated. of Anu fell next to me. Interestingly, Enkidu’s progression from wild animal to civilized city man represents a kind of biblical “Fall” in reverse, and an allegory of the stages by which man reaches civilization (from savagery to pastoralism to city life), suggesting that the early Babylonians may have been social evolutionists. The epic is derived from several earlier poems written about Gilgamesh, which serve as a background for the events in the Epic of Gilgamesh. It is used to convey emotion. ~The intervention of the supernatural gives Gilgamesh hope that he will defeat Humbaba. When Enkidu sets off, however, he promptly forgets all this advice, and does everything he was told not to do, resulting in his being trapped in the Underworld. ),and the men of Uruk become anxious in…Gilgamesh does not leave a son to his father,day and night he arrogant[y(? His search for eternal life leads Gilgamesh to strange lands as he meets some very interesting people. Unfortunately, he places the plant on the shore of a lake while he bathes, and it is stolen by a serpent, which loses its old skin and is thus reborn. 'I laid it down at your feet, 'I loved it and embraced it as a wife, 'and you made it compete with me. Gilgamesh might actually have been a real ruler in the late Early Dynastic II period (c. 27th Century BCE), a contemporary of Agga, king of Kish. The Epic of Gilgamesh full title The Epic of Gilgamesh author The ancient authors of the stories that compose the poem are anonymous. Further analysis of the poem The Epic of Gilgamesh, described the characteristic of king Gilgamesh from the beginning, middle, and end. )The daughter of the warrior, the bride of the young man,the gods kept hearing their complaints, sothe gods of the heavens implored the Lord of Uruk [Anu] 'You have indeed brought into being a mighty wild bull, head raised! He does not let me make my rounds in the wilderness! This poem has not been translated into any other language yet. The rains came as promised and the whole world was covered with water, killing everything except Utnapishtim and his boat. 2016-06-03 22:48:39. As they leave, though, Utnapishtim’s wife asks her husband to have mercy on Gilgamesh for his long journey, and so he tells Gilgamesh of a plant that grows at the very bottom of the ocean that will make him young again. 'After the harlot recounted the dreams of Gilgamesh to Enkiduthe two of them made love. He walks our in front, the leader,and walks at the rear, trusted by his companions.Mighty net, protector of his people,raging flood-wave who destroys even walls of stone!Offspring of Lugalbanda, Gilgamesh is strong to perfection,son of the august cow, Rimat-Ninsun;… Gilgamesh is awesome to perfection.It was he who opened the mountain passes, who dug wells on the flank of the mountain. However, despite his reservations about why the gods should give him the same honour as himself, the hero of the flood, Utnapishtim does reluctantly decide to offer Gilgamesh a chance for immortality. 'Gilgamesh spoke to his mother saying: ''By the command of Enlil, the Great Counselor, so may it to pass! Despite the antiquity of the work, we are shown, through the action, a very human concern with mortality, the search for knowledge and for an escape from the common lot of man. Gilgamesh is devasted by Enkidu’s death and offers gifts to the gods, in the hope that he might be allowed to walk beside Enkidu in the Underworld. The book of Gilgamesh has many conflicts, and battles. Why do you gallop around the wilderness with the wild beasts? Years later, bored with the peaceful life in Uruk and wanting to make an everlasting name for himself, Gilgamesh proposes to travel to the sacred Cedar Forest to cut some great trees and kill the guardian, the demon Humbaba. It follows the story of Gilgamesh, the mythological hero-king of Uruk, and his half-wild friend, Enkidu, as they undertake a series of dangerous quests and adventures, and then Gilgamesh’s search for the secret of immortality after the death of his friend. Do not be restrained—take his energy! Come, let me bring you into Uruk-Haven, to the Holy Temple, the residence of Anu and Ishtar, the place of Gilgamesh, who is wise to perfection, but who struts his power over the people like a wild bull. Gilgamesh weeps at having failed at both opportunities to obtain immortality, and he disconsolately returns to the massive walls of his own city of Uruk. The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic narrative poem written in ancient Mesopotamia. It is about the adventures of the historical King of Uruk (somewhere between 2750 and 2500 BCE). He will give you the harlot Shamhat, take her with you. and around 600 B.C. Gilgamesh questions Enkidu about what he has seen in the Underworld. The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest existing myth in the world. Two-thirds of him is god, one-third of him is human. The Akkadian standard edition is the basis of most modern translations, with the older Sumerian versions being used to supplement it and fill in the gaps or lacunae. ), now create a zikru to it/him. The two heroes cut down a huge cedar tree, and Enkidu uses it to make a massive door for the gods, which he floats down the river. '… (that) you love him and embrace as a wife, 'but (that) I have compete with you.' 'The Land of Uruk was standing around it, 'the whole land had assembled about it, 'the populace was thronging around it. Introduction to The Epic of Gilgamesh. When he awakes after seven days of sleep, Utnapishtim ridicules his failure and sends him back to Uruk, along with the ferryman Urshanabi in exile. '… (that) you love him and embrace as a wife, 'but (that) I have compete with you.'. '' Epic of Gilgamesh: Old Babylonian Version. On the way to the Cedar Forest, Gilgamesh has some bad dreams, but each time Enkidu manages to explain away the dreams as good omens, and he encourages and urges Gilgamesh on when he becomes afraid again on reaching the forest. In Sumerian king lists, Gilgamesh is noted as the fifth king ruling after the flood. It tells the story of a king's journey to prove his valiance and find immortality. T he Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient Sumerian epic poem about a demigod named Gilgamesh who tries to achieve immortality. Poetry is a form of art. Gilgamesh offers the monster his own sisters as wives and concubines in order to distract it into giving away his seven layers of armour, and finally, with the help of the winds sent by the sun-god Shamash, Humbaba is defeated. Utnapishtim then made sacrifices and libations to the gods and, although Enlil was angry that someone had survived his flood, Ea advised him to make his peace. Meanwhile, Gilgamesh has some strange dreams, which his mother, Ninsun, explains as an indication that a mighty friend will come to him. The oldest epic recognized is the Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 2500–1300 BCE), which was recorded in ancient Sumer during the Neo-Sumerian Empire. An epic is a long narrative poem, often with its roots in an oral tradition, that describes the actions of a culturally important hero. I loved it and embraced it as a wife. of Anu! The Land of Uruk was standing around it, the whole land had assembled about it, the populace was thronging around it, the Men clustered about it, and kissed its feet as if it were a little baby (!). Babylonian tradition says that the exorcist Si-leqi-unninni of Uruk was the author of the Gilgamesh poem called "He Who Saw the Deep," about 1200 BCE. Shamash cracks a hole in the earth and Enkidu jumps out of it (whether as a ghost or in reality is not clear). 'May I have a friend and adviser, a friend and adviser may I have! Utnapishtim recounts how a great storm and flood was brought to the world by the god Enlil, who wanted to destroy all of mankind for the noise and confusion they brought to the world. Spread out your robe so he can lie upon you, and perform for this primitive the task of womankind! 'The trapper's father spoke to him saying: 'My son, there lives in Uruk a certain Gilgamesh. Your dream is good and propitious! and told his mother his dream: 'I had a dream. Gilgamesh’s mother also complains about the quest, but eventually gives in and asks the sun-god Shamash for his support. “The Epic of Gilgamesh” is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia and among the earliest known literary writings in the world. The twelfth tablet is apparently unconnected with previous ones, and tells an alternative legend from earlier in the story, when Enkidu is still alive. It was he who crossed the ocean, the vast seas, to the rising sun, who explored the world regions, seeking life.It was he who reached by his own sheer strength Utanapishtim, the Faraway, who restored the sanctuaries (or: cities) that the Flood had destroyed! xiii-xlii). GEORGE (Author) 4.3 out of 5 stars 442 ratings See all formats and editions Gilgamesh is so full of grief and sorrow over his friend that he refuses to leave Enkidu‘s side, or allow his corpse to be buried, until six days and seven nights after his death when maggots begin to fall from his body. Throughout the poem, there are immature and petrified moments of Gilgamesh, but more importantly he learned to grow as he explore his journey. Epic, Haiku, Cinquain, Ballad, Sonnet, Limerick, Verse Drama, Elegy Cento, and Ode are just a few of them. By the 12th century BCE, the epic of Gilgamesh was widespread throughout the Mediterranean region. 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