derbent iron wall
Derbent contains two walls that are located approximately 300-400 m apart and extend nearly 4 km (2.5 miles) from the mountain citadel to the Caspian Sea. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The Arabs were impressed by Derbent's size and wealth, and they greatly appreciated the citadel and the mighty walls of Derbent. From there they arrived at Derbent and saw the wall. Tradition also connects it to the Great Wall of Gorgan (Red Snake) on its south-eastern shore. ", Cuneo, P. "LE MURA DI DERBENT: Note sulla topografia e la morfologia urbana di una cittaÌ€-stato del limes islamico nell'area caucasica. Derbent became a strang militar ootpost an harbour o the Sassanid empire. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Derbent/. It was the shortest way to get from Bukhara, Samarkand and Chach (Shash) to Bactria and India, and back from India and Bactria to the Central cities of Central Asia. Cyrus the Great in the Quran is a theory that identifies Dhul-Qarnayn, a figure mentioned in verses 18:83-98 of the Quran, with Cyrus the Great. Cite This Work The southern region of Uzbekistan is fascinating for its ancient monuments, natural attractions and cultural heritage. English Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it setting in a pool of murky water, and near it he found a people. VII, pp. Derbent is well served by public transport, with its own harbor, a railway going south to Baku, and the Baku to Rostov-on-Don road. This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. The modern city is built near the western shores of the Caspian Sea, south of the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Mountains (part of the Bigger Caucasus range). ‘Bring me blocks of iron.’ They did so till, when he had levelled up the space between the two mountain sides, he said, ‘Now blow with your bellows.’ They blew till, when he had made it red as fire, he said, ‘Bring me molten copper that I may pour it thereon.’ Curiously, Alexander the Great, has been traditionally associated with Derbent and its fortress; he is said to have ordered the construction to defend his newly conquered lands in the south from the barbarians to the north, but there is no substance to this legend. During the wall’s construction in the late 6th century CE, the Sasanians employed dry brickwork and made blocks on lime mortar. The famous Arab geographer Al-Yaqoubi tells about a 9th-century city in Sughd and also mentions this passage. -- Russia Beyond the Headlines, "Russiaâ€™s oldest city: 5,000 and counting" -- RT, Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent -- UNESCO, 6,511 Miles from Derbent: Matryoshka Stories. Iron Gate. Under Arab rule, the city flourished as an entrepôt on the Silk Road, and the Arabs consistently strengthened and reinforced Derbent’s walls and citadel during their rule of the city until the late 10th century CE. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. A.D., and remains of the Caucasian Wall (also called Alexander's Wall), built by the Persians in the 6th cent. It is near another Derbend in Central asia, Hissar District, about 150 miles south-east of Bukhara. Dhu l-Qarnayn directs them to bring pieces of iron, which are melted in a fire to form a wall that can neither be scaled nor pierced, barring the way between two cliffs. Construction of the current citadel, fortified walls, and city walls began c. 570 CE at the request of Shah Khosrow I (531-579 CE) who is widely remembered by Persians today as one of their greatest rulers. The modern city center grew near the seafront, and it expanded rapidly in the 20th century CE. The wall in Dagistan Russia also known as Derbent on the coast of the Caspian sea, it is a border fortress between two walls stretching from the mountains to the sea. Following the construction of Derbent's fortified walls by Shah Yazdegerd II (r. 438-457 CE), Derbent withstood numerous attacks over the next 300 years by the White Huns, Khazars, and other nomadic tribes that threatened the Persian heartlands. as a bulwark against northern invaders, survive. The Iron gate has been repeatedly mentioned in written sources of Chinese, Central Asian, and Arab historians and geographers.In 630, Xuanzang described in his notes the gorge as a defensive passage covered with iron and locked with a double-leaf gate. He holds an MA in World History with a particular interest in cross-cultural exchange and world history. Another Chinese chronicle tells of a city, a temple and an Iron gate that got its name because of it’s color and iron. “C” shaped scrolls 2. In reality, … Reply Delete. Although a devastating description of the siege and Derbent’s fall is imparted by the 10th-century CE Armenian historian Movses Kaghankatvatsi in his The History of the Country of Albania, the Khazars soon lost Derbent themselves to the Arabs c. 643 CE. The Persian Sasanian Empire annexed the Caucasian Kingdom of Albania c. 252-253 CE, rendering it little more than a vassal. Break Free of the Iron Wall. The Arabs, who took Derbent in 728, made it a commercial and cultural center. Derbent’s old district contains mosques, elegant old homes, and the ruins of a medieval caravanserai. In the middle of this passage there is the village piled above him at the top of a high mountain. Derbent is situated quite close to the head of the Samur River, the Rubas River, and the Sukhodol River within the Caucasus Mountain range. Unknown February 24, 2018 at 5:39 AM. A high stone wall ran down from the city towards the seashore, raising an impassible barrier across the road to Iran and the Roman Empire. 02 Dec 2020. Tuscany panels 5. Iron Gate, the Georgians as Degvis-Kari, i.e. It played professionally in 1966–1970, 1992 and 1995–1996. https://www.ancient.eu/Derbent/. Aluminum panels 7. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Derbent contains two walls that are located approximately 300-400 m apart and extend nearly 4 km (2.5 miles) from the mountain citadel to the Caspian Sea. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Enjoy Free Shipping on most stuff, even big stuff. Derbent prospered for over 1,500 years under Persian, Arab, Turkish, Azeri, Mongol, Timurid, and Russian rule due to its position on the Silk Road and geostrategic importance as the gateway to the Caucasus. The best result they achieved was 4th place in Zone 2, Subgroup 2 of the Soviet Second League in 1969. For several millennia, the mysterious Surkhandarya has attracted the attention of conquerors, travelers and explorers. A strategic fortress at the Iron Gates was established by the Persians in the late 5th or early 6th cent. Similar Sassanian defensive fortifications there—massive forts, garrison towns, long walls—also run from the sea to the mountains. License. Thus the expected Yajooj Majooj wall location by some of the Kings in previous times was stated to be The Great Wall of China, built by the Chinese King Fagfor, almost about 3460 years after Prophet Adam was born. He saw two folding gates cased with iron and hung with bells. Derbent’s commercial districts lie close to the waterfront and thus between the parallel defense walls. Probably after 508, though the date is disputed, the long fortification walls at Besh Barmak and Šīrvān/Gil’ginchaĭ were constructed in a combination of mud brick, stone blocks, and baked bricks; as they probably served as models for the massive rebuilding of the fortifications at Darband (Khan-Magomedov, 1979, p. 40), their construction serves as a terminus post quem for the latter. Albana, the mysterious Surkhandarya has attracted the attention of conquerors, travelers and.! Use by the Persians in the United Kingdom Dagestani capital, Makhachkala, is in... 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