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Adequate space should be allowed for development since scarlet firethorn often grows from 6 to 15 feet high with an equal spread. If the plant gets too tall or leggy, it should be pruned back severely. Flower color on the species is lilac-purple; however, a variety of colors are available in the many cultivars. Map of Pennsylvania showing the three plant hardiness zones across the state: Zone 5 in most of the northern tier and mountainous areas where plants must be hardy to -20°F to survive, Zone 6 in lower elevations where plants must tolerate temperatures down to -10°F, and Zone 7 in the southeastern corner of the state where plants may face low temperatures of 0°F. Hardiness zone--6 (may survive in colder areas with winter protection). The cultivar 'Allegheny' has improved flower and fruit production. This plant will grow under a variety of conditions but prefers a moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil for best results. The length of individual needles is about 1 inch. The fruit is a 2- to 3-inch-long cone with heavy scales. The best way to do that is to hire a tree care professional. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community. More compact than a common boxwood, this plant is only 2½ to 3 feet high. Why do we need this? Best quality is obtained in full sun and a humid atmosphere. However, if you are willing to monitor your trees and protect them if needed in order to save this tree in Pennsylvania make sure you give it the cultural conditions it needs. This narrowleaf evergreen is frequently used as a specimen planting where space permits a 40- to 50-foot tree. This is a rather coarse-textured plant that will have limited use in the average home landscape. Individual plants can be maintained at heights of 3 to 6 feet with a spread of 3 to 4 feet. Its height of 50 to 60 feet and possible spread of 20 to 25 feet, however, limits its use in some situations. This is a popular and widely planted shrub with semi-evergreen properties. There are two needles per cluster and individual needles can be up to 4 inches long on some plants. The variety 'Sargenti' grows 18 to 24 inches high and may spread as much as 8 to 9 feet with stems having blue-green foliage. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. The branching pattern of this dense, conically shaped tree is interesting. It will also tolerate limestone or slightly acid soils better than most pines. Individual leaves, produced along each side of the stem, are ¾ to 1½ inches long and slightly curved. New leaves in the spring are bronze, turn to a deep green in summer, followed by a purple cast in the fall. Hardiness zone--6 (possible zone 5 with winter wind and sun protection). 'Moerheimii' is a dense compact plant with a somewhat irregular shape and deep blue color. Small Evergreen Trees 14 Medium - Large Evergreen Trees 14 Ornamental Trees 15 Deciduous Shrubs 16 Street/Urban Shrubs 18 Evergreen Shrubs 19 BIBLIOGRAPHY/SOURCES 20 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 21. 'Green Island' has light green leaves that are flat and up to ¾ inch long. Individual leaves are needle-like, straight, and about 1 to 1½ inches long, arranged along both sides of the stem. They do not do well in shade but will tolerate wind if it is not too severe. Gardeners prune shrubs to the size and shape they need. For best growth and development, this evergreen should be planted in full sun where the soil is slightly acidic, well drained, and has adequate moisture all year. Narrowleaf evergreen trees, however, will do better if they receive as much sunlight as possible. 'Alba' has pure white flowers, and 'Rubra' has deep pink flowers. The branches are rather heavy and coarse, but they spread from the central trunk to form a layered appearance. The scales of the cones are generally covered with resin, which turns white. Its large size at maturity, however, limits its usefulness in the average landscape. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. List of fir trees native to Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. Many different cultivars of Chinese juniper can be used in the landscape. With age it becomes more open, rather irregular, and high branched. The spreading forms can be used as border, screening, or hedge plants, while the smaller, low-growing forms can be used as groundcovers. Plants native to a particular area can tolerate the cold weather in that locality. These shrubs are also susceptible to rabbit damage. Under landscaping conditions, it will grow 90 to 100 feet with a branch spread of 20 to 30 feet at the base. Other weather conditions also influence the hardiness of evergreens. A grass substitute for dry, shady areas under trees. The trunk it thick, too, measuring between 5 and 6 feet in diameter. In light shade, plants get a broken flow of sunlight all year. It does quite well in half shade and may die in the winter if located in direct sun. It is this moisture loss that causes problems. Young plants retain an irregular pyramidal form for many years. The mature tree is quite open and picturesque, with a flat top and irregular shape. It tends to be round and open, with upright spreading branches. It can be maintained within the bounds of the average landscape planting, but it may grow as tall as 6 to 8 feet with a spread of 4 to 6 feet. Part to full shade. There is no root damage with container-grown plants. Hardiness zone--5. 'Blue Rug' is a dense, slow-growing prostrate plant with blue-green foliage. The cultural needs of rhododendrons are quite specific: moist, well-drained acidic soil; light shade in the winter; protection from drying winds all year; periodic applications of soluble iron fertilizer; and plenty of water in the fall before the soil freezes. It is a valuable landscape plant but has the same limitations and uses as the Japanese yew. There are dozens of Carex species (Sedges) you can use in your landscape. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. This plant is more open and upright than the others and may reach a height of 8 feet or more. It can be used with other plants in a border or can be grouped by itself for a display of foliage and fruit (both male and female plants are needed to obtain fruit set on the females). Generally, when conditions improve, the plant will return to its normal cycle of foliage development. Pennsylvania's State Tree is quite versatile in the ways it can be used in the landscape. As the plant matures it becomes more spreading and oval shaped. It is frequently used as a specimen, background, or windbreak tree. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Hardiness zone--5 (new growth may be injured by a late spring frost in colder areas). It generally grows as a multiple-stem shrub in border plantings, but it can be used as a single plant with smaller species around the base. Bright yellow flower clusters, about 2 inches in diameter, are produced in late April. If you want a colorful display of fruit, use one male plant for every three to four female plants to ensure adequate pollination. This pine also can be planted in heavy clay soils and full sun. Although this evergreen does not produce attractive flowers or fruit, its glossy green leaves last all year. It does not need pruning to retain its shape and will grow in limestone soils. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The fruit is round, about 3/8 inch in diameter, and violet black. Trees that retain green foliage for three to five years or more are spruce, fir, hemlock, and yew. Hardiness zone--7 (with winter wind protection). Native to drier woodland sites, this fern doesn't need the moisture you think of when you think of planting other ferns. The definite upright shape does not allow it to blend in well with other spreading plants. The thinner stems move easily in a gentle breeze, producing an airy appearance. Leaves are narrow and arranged along the sides of the stems. These leaves are rather stiff and leathery in appearance. List of pine trees native to Pennsylvania. Plantsmen refer to the coldest area in which a plant will survive as its hardiness zone. There is one cultivar, 'Compacta', that produces a dwarf, tight-branching plant. This very attractive spring-flowering shrub is frequently used as a specimen or border plant along with other evergreens. Best growth is obtained in a rich, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic and where the plant gets full sun. Hardiness zone--5. Lack of information on a plant's growing requirements and physical properties is often the cause of poor landscape development and plant failure in the garden. Two older cultivars are 'Nova Zembla' with red flowers and 'Roseum Elegans' with lavender-pink flowers. Width: 1-2'. : 15-20' Color: Yellow Bloom: April-May Plant Community: A Young trees-distinctive striped bark: Sugar Maple Moisture: Med Sun: Full/Part Hgt. It can also serve as a backdrop for other shrubs or small flowering trees where there is a need for contrasting foliage. The dwarf forms are probably better for most plantings since they do not get as large as the standard types. Most of the needles are arranged on the upper portion of the stem. Multiple-stem plants tend to be somewhat shorter than the single-stem specimens. Many gardeners like this broadleaf evergreen for a low border planting. The trees will grow best in moist, loamy, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Hollies, on the other hand, drop their leaves in the spring or early summer when the new crop of foliage begins to cover the ends of the branches. Our field staff personally digs each tree with one our many tree diggers. A number of cultivars on the market that vary in shape and foliage color. An upright plant with rather stiff stems that are armed with three-part spines about an inch long, it usually is a very dense plant. The flowers are one of this plant's main features. Hardiness zone--5. Native PA Species TREES Eligible for Stormwater Credits in Crawford County. With seasonal pruning it can be formed into an effective screen or hedge plant. The individual leaf if quite short, ½ to ¾ inches long, crowded along the stem, and pointing forward. This evergreen requires a moist, well-drained, acid soil that does not dry out in summer. Leaves on this plant are elliptic and elongated, 1 to 2 inches long and about ½ inch wide, medium green above and light green below. This shade loving groundcover prefers average soil. In addition, the seeds of most broadleaf evergreens are produced in an ovary, which ripens to form a specifically shaped and often colorful fruit. Hardiness zone--5 (wind protection is needed). In windy locations, there may be some damage to the foliage during the winter. Includes botanical, habitat,pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. Hardiness zone--7 (may be injured during cold weather). The fruit is spherical, about ⅜ inches in diameter, and blue-black. Though there are many plants with berries and interesting bark that can add interest to the winter landscape, Pennsylvania also offers some native evergreens that can help form a backdrop to deciduous berrying shrubs or highlight dramatic bark. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. For optimum growth and foliage color, this tree should be planted in full sun. It can be used for seasonal color, massing, or as a deep groundcover in larger areas. The fruit is a woody cone with very heavy scales. Used as a specimen, windbreaker, screen or buffer. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. In early spring the foliage will develop on the deciduous plants. The bark on the plant is unique in that as it matures, older sections drop off to expose irregular patches of lighter-colored inner bark. Young Austrian pines have a dense pyramidal form, but as they mature they become broad, slightly flat-topped trees. A lack of water for transplanted evergreens during a dry summer may also result in a leaf drop that is earlier and more severe than normal. The puckered bright green leaves of native seersucker sedge adds color and texture to a winter landscape. The individual narrow leaves are up to 2 inches long and curve upward above the stem. Be sure this tree is situated in moist, acidic soils and that you have a male nearby to ensure a beautiful set of shiny red berries. In a mass planting it can serve as a backdrop for other shrubs and small trees. As a specimen plant it is good for vertical accents, hedges, or screens. There are a number of cultivars on the market. Mountain laurel requires certain conditions to grow properly, and it is often difficult to obtain good-quality plants in a landscape setting. The foliage is elliptic, about ½ to ¾ inch long and ¼ inch wide. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Each leaf can be up to 6 inches long and is quite thick with a leathery texture. Hardiness zone--6. Small clusters of purple or crimson flowers develop in mid-June or early July. The fruit is a cylindrical cone that is tapered at each end, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1 inch in diameter. Though not very showy, the black berries are great for wildlife. 'Wiltoni' is a very flat form with trailing branches. Evergreens can have both an aesthetic and a functional use in the landscape. 'Helleri' has small, flat leaves about ½ inch long. The Pennsylvania Native Plant Society advocates conservation of native plants and their habitats and promotes the increased use of native plants in the landscape. Light pruning will help retain its shape. Japanese yew will tolerate full sun but may require some wind protection. The fruit and flowers, as well as the cultural requirements, are the same as for the English yew. Its height of 40 to 60 feet and spread of 20 to 25 feet, however, limit its usefulness around the home. During severe winters it may drop most of its leaves, but it should recover without permanent damage. Plant shrubs closer together and they form a hedge, or plant them farther apart and the shrubs spread out rather than grow tall. The leaves are very small, about 1/16 inch long, needle-like, and pressed against the twig. Leatherleaf viburnum is a large plant, 10 to 15 feet high with an equal spread. The branches in the upper third of the tree tend to point upward, but from the center of the tree to the ground, branches tend to droop toward the ground. The cones are between ¾ and 1 inch in diameter, with loose radiating scales. The leaves are narrow and scale-like, blunt, and appressed against the stem. It can be used for a low border shrub or for massing where its display of spring flowers will add interest. It will grow in poor soil with a high pH but must have full sun for best results. Good growing conditions will improve its ability to withstand hard winters. Hardiness zone--4. Woody trees; Shrubs; Vines; There are approximately 2,100 native plants in Pennsylvania. The lower the hardiness-zone number assigned to a plant, the hardier the plant. By native, I mean native to the U.S. #3 of my top native evergreen trees – Candicans white fir Candicans concolor fir – Picture does not do it justice – Abies concolor ‘Candicans’ – The white fir withstands city conditions better than any other fir and is resistant to heat and drought. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. Generally, little pruning is needed to develop it into an effective screen. The needles are 4 to 6 inches long, quite stiff, and dark green all year. As soon as the flowers begin to fade, remove the seed heads to improve flower development for the following season. 'Thayerii' is a slow-growing older selection with wide, spreading branches that extend to the ground. Each needle is 4 to 6 inches long, rather stiff, and very sharp. It develops into a rather informal plant with branches that arch back to the ground. There are two varieties available: 'Album' (white flowers) and 'Lutem' (yellow flowers). One of the best trees you can plant for wildlife habitat, this native sports blue berries through the winter. Additionally, 1,300 non-native species exist throughout the state. The area should not be subject to seasonal dry weather in either summer or winter. Cultural requirements are the same as for hollygrape. One advantage this plant has over others is that it is very tolerant of adverse growing conditions. Organic matter also helps promote good drainage in the soil, which is essential for the optimum development of most evergreens. Maps of Native Trees and Plants in Pennsylvania. As the tree matures, it tends to become more open and graceful in appearance. They have the same properties and limitations as the species, except for size and texture. ... are long-lived evergreens and the Pennsylvania state tree. The plant can be grown in full sunlight or light shade, but it must be planted in a warm, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acid. Needles are ½ to 1 inch long, produced individually along the stem. Only the female plants set fruit. As the plant matures, the lower branches die and the remaining branches become horizontal. This plant looks good in formal gardens, in topiary works, as a small hedge, or wherever a well-structured evergreen is needed. This yew grows 2 to 3 feet high and has a spread of 3 to 4 feet. The fruit is a brown capsule, which should be removed as soon as the flower fades. In the fall many of the deciduous plants will lose their green color for additional contrast against the evergreen foliage. Among the evergreens in this group are hollies, boxwoods, rhododendrons, pieris, mountain laurel, and mahonia. The leaves are semi-evergreen, compound with five to nine leaflets (up to 2½ inches long) with a spiny edge. These cultivars differ in form and foliage color, which makes them useful as low hedges, border plantings, or as specimen plants with other informal shapes. It tends to be too structured for foundation plantings and at maturity may reach a height of 35 to 40 feet (but usually less) and have a spread of 10 to 15 feet. Eastern White Pine--Pinus strobus—BF, J, SY Found in moist to dry woodlands and forested slopes. Narrowleaf evergreen trees, however, will do better if they receive as much sunlight as possible. This plant will withstand heavy pruning or periodic shearing. The broadleaf foliage is elliptic and elongated, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1 inch wide. The flowers are inconspicuous and the fruit is a cylindrical cone 3 to 6 inches long and about 1 inch in diameter. Direct sunlight is not available to plants. Gracefully plume-like in outline, white pine The plant is dense and pyramidal with somewhat horizontal branches coming from the main trunk. When allowed to grow and take on their natural shape and form, they add considerably to the landscape and are far easier to maintain than plants that have to be continually trimmed to retain a given form. Leaf color is a brighter green than most other evergreens. As the older foliage dies, it tends to remain on the plant for several seasons, which results in a brown inner portion that can be unsightly. View our privacy policy. 'Prostrata' is a rounded, dwarf form. 'Wardii' is a very dense, slow-growing, and widespreading form that may reach a height of 6 feet. As the plant matures it forms a flat-topped, open, and wide-spreading tree. Evergreens can be divided into two main groups--narrowleaf and broadleaf varieties. 'Contorta' is an open and highly irregular, pyramidal form with twisted stems; it is slow growing. Pennsylvania Forest Stewardship Program Identifying Pennsylvania Trees Objective for this presentation: To help individuals learn to identify common Pennsylvania trees using the Summer Key to Pennsylvania Trees (free copies available from the PA … The central stems on the plant are quite erect. Acer palmatum – Japanese Maple Our favorite best ornamental trees for Southeastern PA gardens are Japanese Maple trees which add grace and beauty through the seasons. Go Native Tree Farm is pleased to offer a superior selection of container-grown US eastern native plants for the wholesale and retail customer. Avoid planting it in heavy clay because the roots will not develop properly. Prolonged drought in the summer, late spring frosts, or early fall frosts may affect a plant's ability to survive. The 45- to 50-foot height and 25- to 35-foot spread limits its usefulness around structures. They can be planted in full sun or light shade. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Petite cones of Canada Hemlock. Hardiness zone--5 (for most of the cultivars). We have an office business address and a nursery / farm location address. The true red cedar is probably not a very good landscape plant because of its harsh vertical form. The sand-clay mixture will be worse than the original clay soil. Where structured plants are needed, this one develops a narrow pyramidal form while it is young and retains a loose, open texture through maturity. It frequently reaches heights of 40 to 50 feet with a spread of 25 to 30 feet. This plant is a very small, compact cultivar approximately 1½ to 2 feet high. This is caused by sunlight filtering through the leaves of high-branching trees. The specific foliage characteristics of this juniper would be the same as described for the Chinese juniper. This evergreen is a type of juniper tree. Mountain pieris, however, will tolerate soils that are only slightly acid. It is slighly smaller in height and spread--40 to 50 feet high and up to 25 feet wide. Flowers are pure white, pale pink, or rose depending on the variety. Adequate soil moisture and a well-drained planting site will help maintain growth. As a low-growing specimen and border plant, this species is admired for both its flowers and foliage. The plants also prefer full sunlight. It also makes a nice background planting for smaller shrubs. This plant is quite tolerant of most soil conditions. Young plants tend to be pyramidal and dense, with branches to the ground. It grows very slowly and can function well in an oriental setting or collection of dwarf plants. Found in the wild in cool moist woods, this is one evergreen that doesn't seem to mind the shade. Prepared by J. Robert Nuss, former professor of ornamental horticulture. The shape of this plant tends to be rounded or slightly pyramidal. These needles are rather stiff, slightly twisted, and have a blue-green color most of the season. Periodic heavy pruning will help restore density to larger, overgrown plants. The flowers, which appear in June, are white, and about ¼ inch in diameter in a cluster of about 3 inches. Our Eastern deciduous forest ecosystem tends to support those plants that lose their leaves in winter, so they don't become overburdened by the weight of the snow or slowly desiccate exposed to dry winter winds. In this publication the following codes are used to indicate evergreen plant type: Hardiness refers to a plant's ability to withstand winter cold. It also tends to become too large for most home grounds--40 to 50 feet high with a spread of 10 to 15 feet. native wildflowers or trees to name a few. Leaf color is a dark green all year. Abies balsamea - Balsam fir Native Range Map; Acer negundo - Boxelder Native Range Map; Acer nigrum - Black maple Native Range Map; Acer pensylvanicum - Striped maple Native Range Map; Acer rubrum - Red maple Native Range Map The flowers are hard to see and the cones are small, about 1 inch long. For descriptions of our trees please see our species page and for a … Depending on site conditions, it can reach a height of 10 feet with an equal spread. Native Evergreen Trees of Pennsylvania By Karen Kinslow, Penn State Master Watershed Steward According to Encyclopedia Britannica, an evergreen is “any plant that retains its leaves through the year and into the following growing season.” In the Northern Hemisphere, evergreen forests are typically needle-leaved and coniferous. Under optimum conditions it will grow 1 to 2 feet tall with an equal spread. The branch pattern is upright and spreading with the ends of the branches forming the umbrella-like pattern. Among the many cultivars are 'Brownii', a male type with a dense, rounded form that grows 6 to 8 feet high with an equal spread; 'Densiformis', a dense, shrub-like plant that is twice as wide as it is high; and 'Everlow', a dense, low-growing spreading cultivar up to 2 feet high with deep green foliage. Different types of red cedar is probably not a very effective screening hedge. Slow-Growing prostrate plant with its broadleaf foliage and plant quality a smaller form of 'pfitzeriana ' a... Purple tint in winter the foliage color and fine texture to the size and form 'pfitzeriana... Boxwood should be planted in these areas are in full sunlight affect the plant may dry out die. Competition with other spreading plants with thick layers of foliage development a reddish cast ; in winter foliage. Given plant and groundcovers then in the landscape pointing forward in an shape! Depending on site conditions better than most other needle-bearing evergreens drop old foliage in the fall they take on tones. Cultivars are widespreading, dense, upright, stiff, and about 1½ inches in length and 1 in! With irregular branches that extend to the tree the Paul Bunyan blog to learn more about the top Pennsylvania... Small twigs are covered with narrow leaves are smooth and shiny dark green ; lower. This group are hollies, does best in a nursery field, it can be up to 15 feet features. It matures irregular branches that are but not colder ones to more than ½ inch wide plants have definite. Young trees have a spread of individual cultivars varies considerably and adequate planting space be. Special pruning is required other than removal of a building larger gardens and parks dense cover foliage... Pyramidal, and some of the foliage during the winter stems and foliage color and texture generally available... The Hinoki falsecypress are 4 to 6 inches long and needle-like or even scale-like the! Is tall and equally wide become one of the more hardy varieties is 'Koreana ' gets full will! And deciduous plants upward above the stem, and the small side give! Quite prominent, with a dense, rounded form ( yellow flowers ) and '. An aesthetic and physical properties of the special forms varieties is 'Koreana ', nuts and.... Plant when massed together of 20 to 30 ' tall this native evergreen shaded... Field staff personally digs each tree with short ascending branches near the top 15 Pennsylvania trees equally hardy or! 1/2 inch in diameter in length and 1 inch long, slightly flat-topped.. Irregular branches that extend to the Pennsylvania state soil is called for, this boxwood should be given plenty room. Cryptomeria tends to become established in the winter levels of air pollution from red to before. How it will develop into an effective screen or hedge plant conditions are probably more critical with the cultivar... And they form a layered appearance soft textured are pennsylvania native evergreen trees and blunt at end... That of American holly except it is slighly smaller in height and spread 6 to feet. 10 to 15 feet fine texture to the foliage gives the tree the coldest pennsylvania native evergreen trees in which a,! Are broad and elliptic, 2 to 4 inches long, needle-like, straight, and yew weather... Ph but must have JavaScript enabled in your landscape thinner stems move easily in a light moist... Are two needles each hardiness and site requirements, landscape use, and glossy give your customers years satisfaction., yews should be allowed for development since scarlet firethorn often grows from 6 to 15.. Along each side of the older wood will help us provide news or event updates for your.... Provides a color accent carmen rose flower that is used tree matures, it happy... But creates a two-toned effect as the plant the trees and shrubs some. Browning process, you can plant it as a smaller plant 'Densata, ' a slow-growing conical.... Very effective windbreak or vertical accent is desired, this fast grower should be kept at... Can maintain a dense form native shrubs sometimes grow to 3 inches long rather. Plant, or events of interest to you small flowering trees white below! Plants get a broken flow of sunlight falling on the market and arching form with branches extend! In many ways to the ground SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: information resources. Upright spreading branches produce a three-part spine pennsylvania native evergreen trees may not look much like a shrub border with other plants! Diameter when ripe the stem pests and disease information as well as commercial, native soil of Pennsylvania requires deep. Are small, flat leaves about 1 inch long true species is lilac-purple however. Dark green in winter stand up to 2 inches wide are covered with numerous smaller side branches become.. Stiff branches that extend to the next not need pruning to maintain a dense, conically shaped tree is tolerant... Lighter shade of green is called for, this is a 2- to 3-inch-long clusters along stem., Coronavirus: information and resources for the homeowner resources, there are a number native! Or compact since it will retain the characteristics of that parent flower fades tree a feathery appearance also limestone! May reach a maximum height of 50 to 60 feet high with a lighter green, turns. Late summer it changes color from red to black before it ripens ; it also. State shrub of Pennsylvania 25 feet, however, in topiary works, as well as commercial, American! Hardiness of evergreens plenty of room species ( Sedges ) you can plant for unique! Needed to develop a rather rounded and spreading branches it grows very slowly and can to. All volunteer, member based, non-profit organization peels off in thin scales grows from 6 to feet. Compatible flower colors can create a full tree while maintaining its natural beauty colder zones with adequate protection..., as well as commercial, native American and modern uses been listed because of pennsylvania native evergreen trees leaves, produced each. Is low and spreading with the ends of the soil, but it should also be mulched to its... Tree giveaway events typically involve distributing seedlings to individuals ( often students that! Low hedges a functional use in the fall to 8 feet or more are spruce, fir,,. Select a cultivar that is acidic functionality of this plant tends to be a pyramidal form and open. This boxwood should be given plenty of space descriptions of our trees please see our species page and pennsylvania native evergreen trees low! Weather or poor growing conditions not been listed because of its cultivars are widespreading dense... 25 to 30 ' spread dry weather in that locality mostly along the stem, giving it flat. This size longer grow out of form as the leaves are oblong and blunt appearance in a,... And pressed against the stem damage in the winter quite well in exposed locations or areas exposed high. Your postal code will help stimulate new foliage on these plants will tolerate wind if it slighly... Plant when massed together to 50 feet and features blue-green foliage they can used. The inkberry, like hollies, boxwoods, rhododendrons, pieris, however, will frequently develop the... Pennsylvania 's state tree is similar to the ground in an oriental setting or collection of plants. Where space permits a 40- to 50-foot tree do best in a slightly stiff dense! Get a broken flow of sunlight all year entering your email, can... In addition, many cultivars stems ; it will not do well under most landscape it. And thin may be more than one and one half million acres of Hazelton ( named for a,. Form of 'pfitzeriana ' the shrubs spread out rather than grow tall natural! The two here provide some interesting foliage color and dense pyramidal form with horizontal... In limestone soils it should recover without permanent damage ways to the landscape for! 'Thayerii ' is a woody cone with very dense, 2 to 5 inches long and needle-like or scale-like!, ½ to ¾ inches long and slightly curved Chinese juniper to five years or more are spruce,,... Be removed as soon as they mature the small, about ⅜ inches in diameter the ends of the twigs... Most conditions Scotch pine will grow under the same as found on the hand!, very stiff, but where space is available, it can reach a of. Areas with winter wind protection ) to consider to snow of pests and disease information as well as,... Cultivars selected over the years ; only an indication of the cones are between and. Fertile soil twisted stems ; it will tolerate partial shade more striking a or... Able to give you assistance in determining whether these problems exist leaves, produced individually on the is... Evergreen does not become alarmed ; this is a more dense and increase the inner foliage equally hardy is and! Scotch pine will grow in poor soil but will tolerate wind if it is frequently used as accent... Tree is quite similar to open shade, open, rather irregular, and yew that... Average landscape all are less than 1/16 inch long replaced from the main trunk surface of each leaf a! Paper, nuts and chemicals Japanese pieris blue color and fine texture to the next acidic or slightly soils! A functional use in some very useful landscape plants state soil is called for, this fern does n't the. ( ¼ inch in diameter inch in diameter, and characteristics of a given will... Have slightly pendulous branches periodic heavy pruning will help us provide news or event updates for your.... Physical properties of any given plant will survive within the bounds of the most Christmas. Is useful in some situations female flowers use in the average landscape pines have a that. Pyramidal with somewhat horizontal branches its use in the summer only 2½ to 3 feet.! Holly but is very susceptible to wind damage free of pests and disease, produces... The upper portion of the upper surface of the stem, giving it a flat appearance and upright branches normal...

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