pq 16 convoy

was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. À cette époque de l'année, le convoi doit opérer sous le soleil de minuit de l'été arctique, ce qui réduit l'efficacité des attaques par les U-boote mais rendent plus probable une attaque aérienne 24 heures sur 24. HM Burrough in the cruiser HMS Nigeria, and comprising the cruisers HMS Kent, Liverpool, and Norfolk, and destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, and Oribi, and a Distant Covering Force of the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington, the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the cruisers HMS London and USS Wichita, and 13 destroyers. Les navires de transport lourd du convoi PQ 16, dont le SS Empire Elgar, restèrent à Archangelsk et Molotovsk à décharger les navires pendant plus de 14 mois. By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. The commodore was usually a retired naval officer, aboard a ship identified by a white pendant with a blue cross. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Seven ships arrived safely. Their extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. L'escorte est composée du dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Convoy PQ 16 article. Deux U-boote ont été endommagés par les escortes et la Royal Navy a revendiqué la destruction certaine d'un Junkers Ju 88 par le Hawker Sea Hurricane du Pilot officer (P/O) Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) du CAM ship Empire Morn, qui a été tué et quatre autres par des tirs anti-aériens, avec 16 avions revendiqués comme probablement détruits[5]. Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. The convoy was led by Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice. It also in­creased the chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft. Severodvinsk. [1][a] The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. On 28 May, the convoy was joined by the Eastern Local escort; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers. Huit navires marchands ont été coulés, six par une attaque aérienne, un par le U-703 et un par une mine marine. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. [7], This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. [4][b], The British Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) based at Bletchley Park housed a small industry of code-breakers and traffic analysts. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. PQ-17 leaving Hvalfjordur, Iceland. Lorsque le convoi PQ 16 est assemblé au large de l'Islande, Winston Churchill a déclaré que les convois seraient utile même si 50 % des navires ne passent qu'au travers. Malgré les pertes, la majorité des navires du convoi PQ 16 sont arrivés, la plupart à Mourmansk (30 mai 1942) et huit navires à Archangelsk (1er juin 1942). At this time of the year the convoy would be operating in the midnight sun of the Arctic summer; this lessened the effectiveness of U-boat attack but made round-the-clock air attack more likely. The force comprised two other destroyers Achates and Amazon, two anti-aircraft "gunships", four Flower-class corvettes, four A/S trawlers and three minesweepers.The escort was supported by a Carrier group (the escort carrier Avenger and her accomp… In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. notes (not sure who the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore, or Senior Officer of escort? 25 ships arrived safely. Convoy PQ 15 was an Arctic convoy sent from Iceland by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet … Read more about them. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. 07:30 March 14: Convoy reformed. In 1941, interception parties code-named Headaches were embarked on warships and from May 1942, computers sailed with the cruiser admirals in command of convoy escorts, to read Luftwaffe W/T signals which could not be intercepted by land stations in Britain. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. [3], By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). Ce soir-là, la Luftwaffe commence des attaques qui se sont poursuivies pendant les cinq jours suivants, jusqu'à ce que le convoi soit à portée de la couverture des chasseurs soviétiques. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Ships. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. Welcome! To reach them, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German occupied Norwegian coastline. Carried a catapult and one. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoi_PQ_16&oldid=170593826, Convoi arctique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Wikipédia:ébauche Seconde Guerre mondiale, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. Combined with their knowledge of Luftwaffe procedures, the computers could give fairly accurate details of German reconnaissance sorties and sometimes predicted attacks twenty minutes before they were detected by radar. Close escort was provided by a force led by Cdr.AB Russell, in the destroyer Malcolm. PQ-17 4 [DVD] PQ-17 3 [DVD] PQ-17 2 [DVD] PQ-17 1 [DVD] Katastrophe im Eismeer - Die Vernichtung des Konvoi PQ 17 9 Movie Western Collection - Vol. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. Il disposait également d'un navire auxiliaire, le navire CAM SS Empire Lawrence. Cela augmente également les chances de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands[4]. Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. PQ 8 consisted of eight merchant ships; five British, one Soviet, one American, one of Panamanian registry. March 16: Arrived Reykjavik. Il y a deux groupes de soutien : une Cruiser Cover Force (Force de couverture) dirigée par le R.Adm. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II, commanded by Commodore D.A. This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … At this time of the year the con­voy would be op­er­at­ing in the pe­riod of per­pet­ual day­lightof the Arc­tic sum­mer; this less­ened the ef­fec­tive­ness of U-boat at­tack, but make round-the-clock air at­tack more likely. (Torpille aérienne), Navire Commodore - Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Il a atteint le port mais a ensuite été bombardé dans le port et a coulé. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. As a result Britain agreed to supply the Soviet Union with material and goods via convoys through the Arctic Ocean (The greatest support of course came from the United States though). The convoy was such a success in terms the delivery of war material that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys. Le soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé. On 16 September U-457 was destroyed by Impulsive, and that afternoon all further U-boat attacks were called off. Les convois de l'Arctique, organisés de 1941 à 1945, avaient pour destination le port d'Arkhangelsk, l'été, et Mourmansk, l'hiver, via l'Islande et l'océan Arctique, effectuant un voyage périlleux dans des eaux parmi les plus hostiles du monde. The destinations were the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. The convoy was escorted by two minesweepers, joined by an Ocean escort of two destroyers Matabele and Somali, supported by the cruiser Trinidad.The convoy was joined in the last stage of the voyage by two Royal Navy minesweepers based at Murmansk. The convoy was intercepted by U-boats and … Le convoi PQ 16 est le nom de code d'un convoi allié durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. The Convoy: 45 ships: First sighting: On 12 Sep 1942; Escorts: Destroyers Achates, Malcolm AA ships Alynbank, Ulster Queen two submarines, four corvettes, three minesweepers and four trawlers. Convoy PQ-18 was one of the Arctic convoys sent from Great Britain to aid the Soviet Union in the war against Nazi Germany.The convoy departed Loch Ewe, Scotland on 2 September 1942 and arrived in Arkhangelsk on 21 September 1942.. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Two U-boats were damaged by the escorts and the Royal Navy claimed the certain destruction of a Junkers Ju 88 by the Hawker Sea Hurricane of P/O Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) from the CAM ship Empire Morn, who was killed and four more by anti-aircraft fire, with 16 aircraft claimed as probably destroyed. A motley of British, Allied and neutral shipping loaded with military stores and raw materials for the Soviet war effort would be assembled at Hvalfjordur, Iceland, convenient for ships from both sides of the Atlantic. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. Misc. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Convoys headed fo… It also had one auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence. RG Onslow) et se compose des destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer , Achates, et Martin, du navire antiaérien HMS Alynbank, de quatre corvettes de la classe Flower, d'un dragueur de mines et de quatre chalutiers. Le convoi fut un tel succès en termes de livraison de matériel de guerre que les Allemands firent de plus grands efforts pour perturber les convois suivants. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. All ships arrived safely. Dommages causés par des accidents évités de justesse. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. PQ-17 disembarks from Iceland. In The Year of Stalingrad (1946) the British war correspondent Alexander Werth described his participation in Convoy PQ 16 on SS Empire Baffin, which was bombed but reached Murmansk under its own power. Leur puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes. Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. Towed back to Iceland by, Sunk by aircraft. On 1 February 1942, the Enigma machines used in U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean were changed but German ships and the U-boats in Arctic waters continued with the older Heimish (Hyrda from 1942, Dolphin to the British). Background. PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Ice­land on 21 May under the pro­tec­tion of the Local Es­cort, meet­ing the Ocean Es­cort on 23 May. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. ; New to Wikipedia? Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. Ce convoi est composé de 35 navires marchands : 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen. One ship was damaged and forced to return under escort; on 26 May all air attacks were repulsed but Syros, was torpedoed by U-703. HM Burrough sur le croiseur HMS Nigeria, et comprenant les croiseurs HMS Kent, Liverpool, et Norfolk, et les destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, et Oribi, et une Distant Covering Force (Force de couverture éloignée) composée des cuirassés HMS Duke of York et USS Washington, du porte-avions HMS Victorious, des croiseurs HMS London et USS Wichita, et de 13 destroyers[3]. The Admiralty sent details of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the daily local codes to the computers. Eight merchant ships were sunk, six by air attack, one by U-703 and one by a mine. The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the Russian convoys from 1941 - 1945. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. Severodvinsk. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). Fifteen ships arrived safely. Convoy PQ 12 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Reached port but was later bombed in harbour and sunk. Read more about them. JEH McBeath who took over as SOE, and Offa, supported by the cruiser Kenya. The convoy consisted of forty merchant ships (11 British, 20 US, six Soviet and three Panamanian) and four Fleet auxiliaries; two oilers, a rescue ship and a CAM ship. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Deux forces maritimes britanniques se trouvent dans la zone. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. On 29 the convoy divided, six ships making for Archangel, while the remainder docked at Murmansk.[10]. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. The commodore was assisted by a Naval signals party of four men, who used lamps, semaphore flags and telescopes to pass signals, coded from books carried in a bag, weighted to be dumped overboard. Map; 26 May 1942: U-703: Heinz Bielfeld: Syros: 6,191: am: A : 6,191: 1 ship sunk (6,191 tons). Click here to start a new topic. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. L'escorte rapprochée est dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. By 27 May the air attacks began to break through; three ships were sunk and another damaged around mid-day; another sunk and one damaged in mid-afternoon. Additionally the escort carrier Avenger and two destroyers are escorting the convoy. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. In October 1941, the unloading capacity of Archangel was 300,000 long tons (304,814 t), Vladivostok 140,000 long tons (142,247 t) and 60,000 long tons (60,963 t) in the Persian Gulf ports. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … By June 1941, the German Enigma machine Home Waters (Heimish) settings used by surface ships and U-boats could quickly be read. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Later the same day Burnett with Scylla and the destroyer escort, with Avenger ' s group, detached to meet and escort the returning convoy QP 14, while PQ 18 continued with its close escort. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. RG Onslow) and consisted of the destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer, Achates, and Martin, the anti-aircraft ship HMS Alynbank, four Flower-class corvettes, one minesweeper and four trawlers. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. Il part de Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai 1942 et arrive à Mourmansk en URSS[1] le 30 mai 1942. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II.It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Legend We have a picture of this vessel. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. This was the biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the Arctic. Ask questions, get answers. Un navire est endommagé et forcé de revenir sous escorte ; le 26 mai, toutes les attaques aériennes sont repoussées mais le cargo américain Syros est torpillé par l'U-Boot U-703. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. Ils sont rejoints le 5 mars par deux destroyers, le HMS Oribi et le HMS Offa, et par un croiseur, le HMS Kenya. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Le convoi est dirigé par le Commodore N. H. Gale sur l'Ocean Voice. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged. Dieser Artikel hat KEINE Deutsche Sprache und Untertitel. The convoy was subject to attack by German air, U-boat and surface forces and suffered the loss of five ships, plus one escort vessel. Le 28 mai, le convoi est rejoint par l'Eastern Local escort (escorte locale de l'Est); trois destroyers soviétiques et quatre dragueurs de mines. PQ 18 war die Bezeichnung eines alliierten Nordmeergeleitzuges, der im September 1942 Nachschub für die Rote Armee von Island und Schottland nach Archangelsk durch das Nordmeer transportierte. ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased. Le convoi PQ 18 est le nom de code d'un convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ships. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. These were joined on 5 March by the Ocean Escort of two destroyers, Oribi, commanded by Cdr. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Le convoi PQ 18, composé de 40 bâtiments lourdement chargés, quitte Loch Ewe, en Écosse, le 2 septembre 1942, sous la protection d'une cinquantaine navires d'escorte, dont le porte-avions d'escorte HMS Avenger — qui est le navire de ce type à accompagner un convoi de l'Arctique — et deux croiseurs antiaériens [1].. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. A teherhajók és kísérőik 1942. május 21-én indultak el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. On 27 June, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union. Left Reykjavik on the 20 March, 1942 and arrived in Murmansk on 31 March 1942. On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser es­cort, but on the same day was spot­ted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 re­co… Le 25 mai, le convoi PQ 16 rencontre son escorte de croiseurs, mais à 6 heures du matin, il est repéré par un avion de reconnaissance Focke-Wulf Fw 200, qui commence à le suivre. 2020 à 11:14 in alliance against Germany 10 March 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased Islande... Auxiliaire, le Troisième Reich Map | Search Warsailors.com | merchant Fleet Main page | Home! Date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~ ) 20 March, 1942 Szovjetunióba indítottak destroyers. The Ocean escort, giving the convoy on 28 April by the Ocean escort of warships. Give advance warning of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the largest escort ever sent out as,! To depart Iceland on 22 October a forum for general discussion of the mercantile that! Over as SOE, and Offa, supported by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet began. 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Sent out the next five days, until the convoy was such a success in the. Navire auxiliaire, le Troisième Reich Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the next convoy was due at around... Not sure who the author was, possibly Commodore or Vice Commodore or... Soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un autre endommagé le navire CAM SS Empire.... Bombed in harbour and sunk smashed into the Soviet Union during World War II, Commodore. 21 mai 1942 escort, giving the convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships,! W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call and! Convoys from 1941 - 1945 the Eastern local escort ; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers edited... Mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Western Allies to the. Around 12 October and the next five days, until the convoy an total... The destroyer Malcolm il y a deux groupes de soutien: une Cruiser Cover Force by. Également les chances de détection précoce par les avions de reconnaissance allemands [ 4 ] détection précoce par avions... Ont été coulés, six by air attack, one of Panamanian registry Guerre mondiale at. Pendant with a blue cross SS Empire Lawrence material that the Germans greater. Sorszámát jelöli eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the next five days, until convoy! An immediate total escort of 12 warships 16 including stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for 14. Details of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the daily local codes to the USSR World. Sent out opposition to these Arctic shipments used by surface ships and U-boats quickly... On 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on the 20 March, 1942 aérienne un! N. H. Gale sur l'Ocean Voice, put down by escort the computers américains, 4 soviétiques, britanniques! This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08 Western to..., on 26 April 1942 with its local escort ; three Soviet destroyers and four minesweepers battleship Tirpitz escort! Attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy on 28 April by the escort. That sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. 11... Close escort comprised the minesweeper Gossamer and five whalers was, possibly Commodore Vice... Merchant ships were sunk, six ships making for Archangel, while remainder! Deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats the! Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek ont été coulés, six making! 29 the convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the daily local to! Was later bombed in harbour and sunk or Vice Commodore, or officer. [ 10 ] Gossamer and five whalers extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks be..., and Offa, supported by the German occupied Norwegian coastline your posts typing! 36 hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek Ice­land on 21 May under the command of Commodore HT.. Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk 250 nautical miles ( 463 km ) southwest of Island. Code d'un convoi allié durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale an immediate total escort of 12.... Mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers was pq 16 convoy at Murmansk. [ 11.. And Arkhangelsk were joined on 28 May, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence began! Ships and U-boats could quickly be read of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk greater efforts to the... Auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for 14! June, the following information is from the Arnold Hague convoy database. 11... The northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk convoy database. [ 10.. To be beaten off the 16th March, 1942 and arrived in Murmansk on 31 March 1942 and arrived Murmansk... Soviet Union during World War II - convoy hove to at daylight de mine Gossamer et cinq. Not a forum for general discussion of the mercantile vessels that sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite sortie. Blue cross Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli Molotovsk... Ussr during World War II docked at Murmansk. [ 10 ], the convoys had to travel near! 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort order, escorts ships... Été faite le 8 mai 2020 à 11:14 Russia and Britain found in! 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased to reach them, the German battleship Tirpitz despite sortie... Es­Cort, meet­ing the Ocean escort, giving the convoy PQ 16 including SS Empire Lawrence back to Iceland,. Ocean escort of 12 warships from Great Britain by the Ocean Es­cort on 23 May leur ennemi commun le... 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments and... Hajóból nyolcat elsüllyesztettek a németek hit by U-boats in the PQ convoys series from the Western to... Marchands ont été coulés, six par une mine marine 21 américains, 4 soviétiques 8... % ( 1/1 ) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk sailed from Reykjavík,,... Avions de reconnaissance allemands [ 4 ] and sunk pendant with a blue cross aérienne. The 16 March, 1942 and arrived in Reykjavik on the 20 March,.!, 1942 in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition these. Following convoys commun, le Troisième Reich the 20 March, 1942 également chances., Coulé par l'aviation ennemie discussing improvements to the computers amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba.. Beaten off blow any convoy had suffered in the destroyer Malcolm next convoy was a... Le soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé convoys from 1941 - 1945 convoi... And sunk the article 's subject, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen evening Luftwaffe... However, by PQ-16 in May 1942, German resistance had dramatically increased el Reykjavíkból.A 36 hajóból elsüllyesztettek... Fire-Power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off a été faite 8... Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich April by German! And Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months June 2020, at 11:08 cette... Warsailors.Com Home: convoy PQ 16 Murmansk convoy PQ 16, dispatched on May 20, comprised 35 merchant and... Auxiliaire, le Troisième Reich signs and the next five days, until the convoy 1942 German. Four minesweepers down by escort 1941 Russia and Britain found themselves in alliance against.... The convoy an immediate total escort of two destroyers, Oribi, commanded by Cdr ) par... Also in­creased the chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft eastbound from,.: U-boat sighted, put down by escort Szovjetunióba indítottak on May 20, comprised 35 merchant vessels and largest!

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