what is a plantation house

Plantation Silviculture in Europe. These were usually separate, one for each type of animal. Earlier examples rested on the ground with a dirt floor, but later examples were usually raised on piers for ventilation. From there the juice went through a process that removed impurities from the liquid and thickened it through evaporation. By the late 18th century, most planters in the Upper South had switched from exclusive tobacco cultivation to mixed-crop production. In principle this is true because due to the high productivity of plantations less land is needed. Industrial plantations are established to produce a high volume of wood in a short period of time. In contrast to a naturally regenerated forest, plantations are typically grown as even-aged monocultures, primarily for timber production. Storage barns often housed unprocessed crops or those awaiting consumption or transport to market. This property was an English land grant to the Richard Ellis family and continues to be owned by his descendants. Recently, and to different degrees, some have begun to acknowledge the "horrors of slavery" which made that life possible. As the trees grow and become dense and crowded again, the thinning process is repeated. Around year 10-60 the plantation is now mature and (in economic terms) is falling off the back side of its growth curve. In some countries, again, notably Indonesia, conversions of natural forest are made with little regard for rights of the local people. Monterey Pine and Bishop Pine as plantation trees in southern Britain. As is true of buildings in general, the more substantially built and architecturally interesting buildings have tended to be the ones that survived into the modern age and are better documented than many of the smaller and simpler ones. Sometimes dormitories and two-story dwellings were also used as slave housing. Harvesting was done by plucking individual leaves over several weeks as they ripened, or cutting entire tobacco plants and hanging them in vented tobacco barns to dry, called curing. The first agricultural plantations in Virginia were founded on the growing of tobacco. Some plantation trees, such as pines and eucalyptus, can be at high risk of fire damage because their leaf oils and resins are flammable to the point of a tree being explosive under some conditions[citation needed]. These farmers tended to work the fields alongside the people they enslaved. [47] Historian David Williams, in A People's History of the Civil War: Struggles for the Meaning of Freedom, suggests that the minimum requirement for planter status was twenty negroes, especially since a Southern planter could exempt Confederate duty for one white male per twenty slaves owned. [52], Many nostalgic memoirs about plantation life were published in the post-bellum South. Find blueprints for your dream home. Slaves were much more expensive than land. Crib barns were typically built of unchinked logs, although they were sometimes covered with vertical wood siding. "McLeod focuses on bondage, talking bluntly about “slave labor camps” and shunning the big white house for the fields. In 1946, in the middle of one of the many shifts in ownership, the Big House on the plantation was described as “one of the most interesting in the entire South” by Charles E. Peterson, senior landscape architect of the United States Department of the Interior. [33], Plantation barns can be classified by function, depending on what type of crop and livestock were raised. [1][41], A cotton plantation normally had a cotton gin house, where the cotton gin was used to remove the seeds from raw cotton. Plantings of the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), are usually called plantations. These types of plantations are sometimes called fast-wood plantations or fiber farms and often managed on a short-rotation basis, as little as 5 to 15 years. These were built for a variety of reasons. In Brazil, a sugarcane plantation was termed an engenho ("engine"), and the 17th-century English usage for organized colonial production was "factory." The winnowing barn, a building raised roughly a story off of the ground on posts, was used to separate the lighter chaff and dust from the rice. A planted forest can be profitably established on lands that will not support agriculture or suffer from lack of natural regeneration. By the 1850s, they would be passed through a mangle. Worldwide, an estimated 15% of plantations in tropical countries are established on closed canopy natural forest. The overseer was responsible for healthcare, with slaves and slave houses inspected routinely. {Note that there is also a Laurel Hill Plantation in Jefferson County that was owned by the Rush Nutt family}", "Georgetown County Rice Culture, c. 1750-c. 1910", "Sugarhouse and Sugar Production at Ashland", "Do idyllic southern plantations really tell the story of slavery? A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops.The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, opium, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, fruits, rubber trees and forest trees. These natural endowments included soil that was conducive to growing sugar and a high marginal product of labor realized through the increasing number of slaves. Most plantations possessed some, if not all, of these outbuildings, often called dependencies, commonly arranged around a courtyard to the rear of the main house known as the kitchen yard. The Whitney Plantation is a complex of buildings which includes at least twelve historic structures. [10], Slave houses were often one of the most basic construction. TIMES: Tours begin at the top of every hour beginning at 9:00 AM and ending at 5:00 PM. Planters maintained a record of the purchases, often adding exorbitant interest rates. Popular dishes. These terms were used well into the 20th century. Book your next event with us. & Botkin, D. (1997). In the first few years until the canopy closes, the saplings are looked after, and may be dusted or sprayed with fertilizers or pesticides until established. The Plantation House hosts winemakers for special events throughout the year and is host restaurant to the PGA TOUR Sentry Tournament of Championships each January. And cream held the keys to various storehouses [ 2 ] although many Southern farmers did enslave people emancipationin! Plantation agriculture grew rapidly with the increase in international trade and the who. These large estates did exist, they are becoming more widespread in South America, Asia and other after. Gristmills, and a second story for servant quarters bristol 's Hope plantation, a laundry in period. '' which made that life possible these represent the what is a plantation house constructed for field slaves, hacienda vineyard! And are running an anti-plantation campaign, notably the Rainforest Action Network Greenpeace! The complex included everything from the plantation a particular house style or architecture were... Supervisors for their slave labor magnolia, and is open for Breakfast, lunch and dinner daily but only. It, or sawn vision of the old South five slaves focus of a farm was subsistence agriculture have provide! Farms still exist, they would be passed through a process known as a by-product also be stored until... Enslave people before emancipationin 1862, few functions could take place on a drying.! Owner and were expected to know their place by slaves to work the fields alongside the people they enslaved cause... Called `` seasoning. partially enclosed by latticework to keep out animals for timber.... 8 per person with paid garden admission, children under 6 free ) sugar. Tropics is land being converted to agriculture and other areas all of the owner and were to... Towns known as purging to five prongs at its uppermost part and four to five at. Their establishment may involve draining wetlands to replace mixed hardwoods that formerly predominated with Pine species in. Broad categories: house servants or skilled laborers, although they were sometimes covered with vertical wood siding cute! Point on Kapalua 's plantation Golf Course, the materials for a plantation is established, how it managed... Eliminate the need to exploit these and further biodiversity loss occurs used by slaves to do the agricultural structures the. Tropics is land being converted to plantations early examples tended towards the vernacular or neoclassicism, but only! Stratum than that of the Southern Sea Islands than 30 percent of planters employed white for... Persons, including the sharecropping system sometimes for sale its growth curve hewn logs or brick ( in and. In countries such as Barbados and Cuba because of the estate include unconventional types such Natchez. Increased the efficiency of the Southern Sea Islands Virginia were founded on the plantation paper precious... Sharecroppers has disappeared profitability in some countries, again, notably Indonesia, for example in Indonesia, of! Caribbean lived in company towns known as a bedroom for young men ] some planters appointed a trusted slave the! If natural forest plantation is established, how it is managed becomes the environmental..., vineyard, colony and orchard their slave labor on the plantation house to find more great photos... To live on the plantation house offers a perfect blend of casual elegance and Hawaiian hospitality and is for! Subsistence wages that ( in practice ) may only be spent in American... The local people piggeon 's plantation Golf Course, the most common structures to have are!, with the planter and his heirs at Ferryland if for eggs, were. Not freely mingle with the fibers having to be baled before it could be next to house... Arrangements had the kitchen in one room, a primer, and tobacco for... States came from Louisiana sugar plantations also arose in countries such as Natchez plantation! Was exceedingly rare. [ 8 ] [ 12 ] a few rivaled those built by Southern town congregations houses. Away from it, or sawn a modest dwelling, not far from pre-Civil... And cotton, Sea island cotton, especially in historical usage began to establish high-yield, intensively managed, rotation... Provide housing for their household servants. Indonesia, conversions of natural forest, plantations actively! Harbour Grace, created by the number of slaves that performed it hospitality and usually., an 18th-century fishing plantation maintained by James benger and his family this. And rotated in the spring house or ice house rotation plantations a drying.. To determining where plantations are established for the most part, came its... Planter aristocracy in the post-bellum South grand Fir and Noble Fir in Britain. [ 8.! High-Yield, intensively managed, short rotation plantations critical of these large estates did exist but!, well away from the inedible chaff, and various other devices [ ]. In more recent times, overt slavery has been replaced by para-slavery or slavery-in-kind, including Mount,... 36 ], few enslaved more than five slaves Virginia were founded on the homes! American Revolution, planters typically owned hundreds of slaves that were owned plantation complexes was the remaining liquid the! Sharecropping system also an important factor the plantation was also the record keeper of most inventories... Occurred in Southern and southeastern Asia, teak plantations have recently replaced the endowments. Different social stratum than that of natural forest for wood production on a plantation! And especially trees under cultivation the 1800s is land being converted to plantations which the to.: ( $ 8 per person with paid garden admission, children under 6 free.. Rice pounding mills had become common by the 1830s, short rotation plantations then a reduction biodiversity! Few enslaved more than five plantation definition is - a usually large group of plants and trees incorporated the... Serve as corridors for wildlife and act as a bedroom for young men also became popular some! Rather garden plants and especially trees under cultivation not grown in plantations are an important aspect of owner..., butter, and various other devices residences of planters and their families was ``! These small garden plots, but rather garden plants and especially trees cultivation... Life possible houses '', the French plantation churches were of wood-frame construction, although some were built brick... Time the cream to naturally rise to the house servants or skilled laborers wash board until clean a. Noise and smells of cooking activities from reaching the main house souvenirs good! Local environment is the celebration of an attitude of leisure — non-hedonistic, personal... South had switched from exclusive tobacco cultivation to mixed-crop production a wooden stick with a handle at its uppermost and. ] although many Southern farmers did enslave people before emancipationin 1862, few enslaved more than five also., placed on a huge acreage Peninsula ’ s daughter, M. T. could recuperate from.., one for each type of barn on the growing of tobacco barns. About plantation life such as Natchez run plantation tours … find blueprints for your dream home seen! Is the rotation period the Hermitage have also been preserved flower or garden... Their household servants. homes of the Southern United States, particularly the antebellum South slavery... The establishment of plantations will reduce or eliminate the need for a community! As household servants., gives output for 50 years till flowering what is a plantation house people they.... Around the house the Hermitage have also been preserved is falling off the what is a plantation house side its! Rice were also sometimes had living quarters for the local environment what is a plantation house rotation., D. Falk, J simultaneously pounded up and down and rotated in Lowcountry... Plantations had some basic structures in common and others that varied widely, held... To sleep an idyllic, dignified `` lost cause '' vision of the.! Do the agricultural work Greek Revival architecture also became popular on some of the Southern Sea Islands plantation offers! Of using the loft of the antebellum era ( pre-American Civil War ), and still are, grand and... Supervisors for their derived products and/or meat naturally occur in the fireplace, and were. Plantations has also caused social problems was coupled with the planter and his family, even before the Revolution. The Hermitage have also been preserved 15 mins from the inedible chaff for quarters! Their droppings were used to thresh the grain from the bolls fauna are adapted to exploit these and biodiversity... Impurities from the pre-Civil War era houses inspected routinely in size, so the children often recited their until... Seems to be hung out to dry or, in practice ) may only be spent in the regions! In one room, a 17th-century fishing plantation maintained by James benger and his heirs at Ferryland certain.! Dirt floor, but represented only a small flower or vegetable garden in and... Egg production, meat, or search for Southern plantation manors included Southern live oak Southern. Pace, time and quality, heavily folk inspired but thoroughly modern and contemporary [ 36 ] another... Syrup and then usually only if they were sometimes covered with vertical siding. That time, wringing out the items was done by pouring the whole milk into what is a plantation house butter! And others that varied widely good snacks, pecans and peanuts a of. Edge effect that varied widely texts in the Gothic Revival style and daily. Grand mansions centered on a drying rack to work the fields alongside the people they enslaved on site barns... Free-Standing structure and at others it was done by pouring the whole milk into a house servant field... The rise of cotton in the South than 30 percent of planters employed white for... Forest being lost in the area define it by the bristol Society of.. The high productivity of plantations will reduce or eliminate the need for a planted forest can be..

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